Ch 4 Earth Sci: Question Preview (ID: 24435)


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What kind of metamorphism would take place at a mountain range located where two tectonic plates are colliding?
a) regional metamorphism b) contact metamorphism c) mountain metamorphism d) tectonic metamorphism
Igneous comes from a Latin word meaning fire.
a) true b) false c) d)
Light colored, less dense igneous rocks that are rich in elements like aluminum, potassium, silicon, and sodium are called
a) felsic b) mafic c) plastic d) metamorphic
Rock can be used
a) all of the above b) as tools c) to make roads d) in building construction
Sedimentary rock forms at or near the Earth's surface
a) true b) false c) d)
If the temperature or pressure of a new environment is different from the one in which a rock forms, the rock will undergo
a) metamorphism b) stratification c) erosion d) deposition
Rock can be classified by composition and texture
a) true b) false c) d)
Sedimentary rock that forms from the remains of once-living plants and animals is
a) organic sedimentary rock b) felsic sedimentary rock c) chemical sedimentary rock d) clastic sedimentary rock
Foliated rocks usually contain
a) planes or bands of mineral grains b) pieces of shell and fossils c) unaligned mineral grains d) a liquid core
Sediment is deposited and cemented together to form igneous rock
a) false b) true c) d)
Dark colored igneous rocks that are more dense and that are rich in calcium, iron, and magnesium are called
a) mafic b) felsic c) plastic d) metamorphic
Sedimentary rock that is created when rock or mineral fragments are cemented together are called
a) clastic sedimentary rock b) chemical sedimentary rock c) organic sedimentary rock d) felsic sedimentary rock
Contact metamorphism occurs when pressure builds up and plates collide.
a) false b) true c) d)
The movement within the Earth's surface that causes rock inside the Earth to be moved to the Earth's surface is called
a) uplift b) deposition c) erosion d) cementation
If magma is allowed to cool slowly, smaller crystals will form.
a) false b) true c) d)
Sedimentary rock that is formed when minerals crystallize out of a solution and become rock is called
a) chemical sedimentary rock b) clastic sedimentary rock c) organic sedimentary rock d) foliated sedimentary rock
An igneous rock can be changed into a different kind of igneous rock without becoming metamorphic or sedimentary first.
a) true b) false c) d)
Rock that forms from magma that erupts, or extrudes, onto the Earth's surface is called
a) extrusive igneous rock b) intrusive igneous rock c) foliated igneous rock d) nonfoliated igneous rock
When sedimentary rocks record the motion of wind and water waves on lakes, oceans, rivers, and sand dunes, the features are called
a) ripple marks b) indentations c) motion marks d) wavelengths
The heating of rock by nearby magma that causes the rock to change is called contact metamorphism.
a) true b) false c) d)
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