Unit 2 Diabetes (Part 3) Review: Question Preview (ID: 23798)


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Which of the following is NOT associated with carbohydrates?
a) made of mono-, di-, and polysacchardies b) is not a polymer, it has no single building block c) energy source for the body d) affects blood sugar levels
Which of the following is NOT associated with proteins?
a) build, maintain, and repair body tissues b) provides structure for the cell membrane c) shape determines function d) Used in metabolic reaction and protection from foreign materials
A heavy 50 year old patient has increased thirst and is very fatigued (no energy). The doctors tell the patient that their cells are resistant to insulin. This patient most likely has which of the following?
a) Type II Diabetes b) Type I diabetes c) Low blood glucose levels d) No glucose
What is the main thing that determines the shape of a protein?
a) The sequence of peptide bonds b) The structure of amino acids c) The sequence of amino acids d) The structure of peptide bonds
The outside of a cell has a lower concentration of solutes than inside. What will most likely happen to the cell?
a) The cell will shrivel because water will move outside of the cell. b) The cell will shrivel because solutes will move out of the cell. c) The cell will swell because water will move into the cell. d) The cell size will not change.
A diabetic needs to monitor the amount of sugar that they eat. Which of the following do they need to pay close attention to?
a) proteins b) nucleic acids c) carbohydrates d) lipids
The outside of a cell has a higher concentration of solutes than inside. What will most likely happen to the cell?
a) The cell will shrivel because water will move out of the cell. b) The cell will swell because solutes will move into the cell. c) The cell will swell because water will move into the cell. d) The cell size will not change.
A molecule that is made of long chains of carbons and hydrogens is most likely a
a) fat b) protein c) carbohydrate d) nucleic acid
Which of the following is the most likely result when adding an enzyme into a chemical reaction?
a) The end product would increase b) The end product would decrease c) The end product would not change d) The input aount would be different
Which of the following is NOT associated with lipids?
a) is not a polymer, it has no single building block b) is found in the cell membrane c) stores energy d) building blocks are nucleotides
Which of the following is not associated with nucleic acids?
a) Made of nucleotides b) Stores genetic information c) Directs protein formation d) Stores energy
The steady state of physiological condition of the body is
a) calorie b) homeostasis c) nutrient d) substrate
A substance that has dissolved in solution is
a) solute b) solvent c) substrate d) hydrophobic
Amount of heat energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g of water by 1 degree Celsius is
a) calorie b) ionic bond c) molecule d) substrate
Having an affinity (love) for water is
a) hydrophilic b) hydrophobic c) ionic bond d) hydrogen bond
A substance needed by the body to maintain life and health is
a) calorie b) nutrient c) molecule d) substrate
A lack of electrical symmetry in a molecule. Charge difference on opposite ends of a structure is
a) Ionic bond b) hydrogen bond c) hydrophilic d) hydrophobic
The substance acted upon by an enzyme is
a) substrate b) solute c) homeostasis d) nutrient
If you were an athlete training for a marathon, would it be better to drink water or Gatorade?
a) Gatorade, because it would replace the electrolytes lost and maintain blood sugar levels b) Water, because you need to keep hydrated c) Neither d)
Which food is better (healthier) for you?
a) 155 calories, 11 g fat, 148 mg sodium, 14 g carb, 2 G Protein, has Vitamin C, Iron, and Calcium b) 180 calories, 4.5 g fat, 350 mg sodium, 33 g carb, 2 g protein, has Vitamin A and C, Iron, and calcium c) d)
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