PBS Unit 2 Diabetes (Part 1) Review: Question Preview (ID: 23650)


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Insulin is released from the
a) kidney b) pancreas c) pituitary gland d) stomach
If the blood surrounding the cell has a high concentration of glucose. Which of the following is true?
a) the cell is in a hypotonic solution and water will leave the cell b) the cell is in a hypertonic solution and water will enter the cell c) the cell is in a hypertonic solution and water will leave the cell d) the cell is in a hypotonic solution and water will enter the cell
Most diabetics need to
a) undergo pancrease replacement surgery b) consume as much insulin as possible c) regulate diet and exercise d) visit the doctor monthly for blood sugar check-ups
Symptoms of type 1 diabetes includes all of the following except
a) fatigue b) glucose in the urine c) increased urination d) increased heart rate
Diabetes is an autoimmune system in which the body
a) cannot absorb glucose into the cells b) overproduces insulin c) absorbs too much glucose into cells d) cannot maintain its salt concentration
In Type 2 Diabetes, the main problem with the body is that it
a) cannot make insulin b) cannot accept inslin c) cannot produce glucagon d) cannot absorb glucose
In Type 1 Diabetes the main problem with the body is that it
a) cannot produce insulin b) cannot accept the insulin it makes c) kills the insulin it has d) cannot absorb glucose
A thermostat is a good example of a(an)
a) hormone-receptor complex b) negative feedback system c) positive feedback system d) exocrine gland
Negative feedback means that an increase in one action will
a) decrease another action b) increase another action c) increase the same action d) stop everything all together
When the breakfast tray at 8:30 AM you noted that the resident had consumed 1/2 piece of toast and one cup of black coffee. At 10:00 AM you notice the patient is confused and disoriented. What is the correct term for what is being experienced?
a) hyperglycemia b) hypoglycemia c) d)
Food labels are a useful way to determine which nutrients and what percentages of your daily food values are present in a food
a) True b) False c) d)
Increased urination is a symptom of diabetes. Why?
a) The cells in hypotonic to the blood and is losing water so the blood has a higher water concentration b) The cells in hypotonic to the blood and is gaining water so the blood has a higher water concentration c) The cells in hypertonic to the blood and is losing water so the blood has a higher water concentration d) The cells in hypertonic to the blood and is gaining water so the blood has a higher water concentration
A student makes a mistake when presenting in front of the class and this causes them to blush. When the student realizes that they are blushing, they begin to blush even more...etc... Is this an example of positive or negative feedback?
a) Positive feedback b) Negative feedback c) d)
A gland in your body releases hormone P. This hormone causes target cells to release horomone J. Once the body has enough of J, the gland stops the release of hormone P. Is this an example of positive or negative feedback?
a) Positive feedback b) Negative feedback c) d)
Snow is melting on the ground. As more snow melts, more of the ground is exposed. The more ground that is exposed, the more heat is absorbed. The more heat absorbed, the more the snow melts...etc. Is this an example of positive or negative feedba
a) Positive feedback b) Negative feedback c) d)
Mr. Twinkie come into the ER with hyperglycemia and a blood sugar of 450 mg/dL. He is sweaty, and confused and smells of juicy fruit. The nurse comes in and:
a) starts an IV and gives 50% glucose b) starts an IV and gives 100% insulin c) starts an antibotic to prevent infection from developing d) give the patient a piece of candy to lower his insulin level
A young patient has an increased thirst and is very fatigued. The doctors tell the patient that their body is not making insulin. This patient most likely has...
a) Type 1 Diabetes b) Type 2 Diabetes c) low blood sugar levels d) no blood sugar levels
Which of the following is/are most often involved in maintaining homeostasis?
a) negative feedback b) positive feedback c) concentration gradients d) all of the above
The blood surrounding the cells has a high concentration of glucose. Which of the following is correct?
a) the cell is in a hypotonic solution and water will leave the cell b) the cell is in a hypertonic solution and water will enter the cell c) the cell is in a hypertonic solution and water will leave the cell d) the cell is in a hypotonic solution and water will enter the cell
Patient 1’s pancreas does not produce insulin but they take insulin shots and watch their diet inorder to maintain normal blood glucose levels. Patient 2 has consistently high blood glucose levels, but their pancreas is functioning normally. Which is
a) Patient 1 has type II diabetes and patient 2 has type I diabetes b) Both patients have type II diabetes c) Patient 1 has type I diabetes and patient 2 has type II diabetes d) Both patients have type I diabetes
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