Cells (part One): Question Preview (ID: 21860)


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endoplasmic reticulum
a) internal membrane system in cells which lipid components of the cell membrane are assembled and some proteins are modified b) small particle in the cell on which proteins are assembled; made of RNA and protein c) particle made up of nuclei acid, protein, and in some cases lipids that can replicate only by infecting living cells d) domain of unicellular prokaryotes that have cell walls containing peptidoglycan
ribosome
a) small particle in the cell on which proteins are assembled; made of RNA and protein b) internal membrane system in cells which lipid components of the cell membrane are assembled and some proteins are modified c) small, dense region within the nuclei in which the assembly of proteins begins d) particle made up of nucleic acid, protein, and in some cases lipids that can replicate only by infecting living cells
lysosome
a) cell organelle filled with enzymes needed to break down certain materials in the cell b) stack of membranes in the cell that modifies, sorts, and packages proteins from the endoplastic reticulum c) internal membrane system in cells which lipid components of the cell membrane are assembled and some proteins are modified d) small particle in the cell on which proteins are assembled; made of RNA and protein
golgi apparatus
a) stack of membranes in the cell that modifies, sorts, and packages proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum b) small particle in the cell on which proteins are assembled; made of RNA and proeins c) small, dense region within the nuclei in which the assembly of proteins begins d) internal membrane system in cells which lipid omponents of the cell membrane are assembled and some proteins are modified
vacuole
a) cell organelle that stores materials such as water, salts, proteins, and carbs b) cell organelle filled with enzymes needed to break down certain materials in the cell c) stack of membranes in the cell that modifies, sorts, and packages proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum d) internal membrane system in cells which lipid components of the cell membrane are assembled and some proteins are modified
mitochondrion
a) cell organelle that converts the chemical energy stored in food into compounds that are more convenient for the cell to use b) cell organelle filled with enzymes needed to break down certain materials in the cell c) stack of membranes in the cell that modifies, sorts, and packages proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum d) cell organelle that stores materials sich as water, salts, proteins, and carbs
chloroplast
a) organelle found in cells of plants that captures sunlight and converts it into chemical energy b) cell organelle that converts the chemical energy stored in food into compounds that are more convenient for the cell to use c) cell organelle that stores materials such as water, salts, proteins, and carbohydrates d) cell organelle filled with enzymes needed to break down certain materials in the cell
cytoskeleton
a) network of protein filaments within some cells that helps the cell maintain its shape; involved in many forms of cell movemen b) cell organelle that stores materials such as water, salts, proteins,and carbohydrates c) cell organelle that converts the chemical energy stored in food into compounds that are more convenient for the cell to use d) organelle found in cells of plants that captures the energy from sunlight and converts it into chemical energy
centriole
a) one of two tiny structures located in the cytoplasm of animal cells near the nuclear envelope b) network of protein filaments within some cells that helps the cell maintain its shape; involved in many forms of cell movemen c) organelle found in cells of plants that captures the energy from sunlight and converts it into chemical energy d) cell organelle that converts the chemical energy strored in food into compounds that are more convenient for the cell to use
cell membrane
a) thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters and leaves the cell b) one of two tiny structures located in the cytoplasm of animal cells near the nuclear envelope c) network of protein filaments within some cells that helps the cell maintain its shape; involved in many forms of cell movemen d) organelle found in cells of plants that captures the energy from sunlight and converts it into chemical energy
lipid bilayer
a) double-layered sheet that forms the core of nearly all cell membranes b) thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters and leaves the cell c) one of two tiny structures located in the cytoplasm of animal cells near the nuclear envelope d) strong, supporting layer around the cell membrane in plants, algea, and some bacteria
binary fission
a) type of asexual reproduction in which an organism replicates its DNA and divides in half, producing 2 identical daughter cell b) the mass of a solute in a given volume of solution, or mass/volume c) double-layered sheet that forms the core of nearly all cell membranes d) strong, supporting layer around the cell membrane in plants, algea, and some bacteria
concentration
a) the mass of a solute in a given volume of solution, or mass/volume b) strong, supporting layer around the cell membrane in plants, algea, and some bacteria c) double-layered sheet that forms the core of nearly all cell membranes d) thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters and leaves the cell
capsid
a) outer protein coat of a virus b) type of asexual reproduction in which an organism replicates its DNA and divides in half, producing 2 identical daughter cell c) process in which a virus enters a cell, makes a copy of itself, and causes the cell to burst d) the mass of a solute in a given volume of solution, or mass/volume
lytic infection
a) process in which a virus enters a cell, makes a copy of itself, and causes the cell to burst b) the mass of a solute in a given volume of solution, or mass/volume c) double-layered sheet that forms the core of nearly all cell membranes d) type of asexual reproduction in which an organism replicates its DNA and divides in half, producing 2 identical daughter cell
lysogenic infection
a) process by which a virus embeds its DNA intp the DNA of the host cell and is replicated along with the host cell's DNA b) virus that infects bacteria c) outer protein coat of a virus d) process in which a virus enters a cell, makes a copy of itself, and causes the cell to burst
bacteriophage
a) virus that infects bacteria b) outer protein coat of a virus c) process in which a virus enters a cell, makes a copy of itself, and causes the cell to burst d) type of asexual reproduction in which an organism replicates its DNA and divides in half, producing 2 identical daughter cell
Retrovirus
a) virus that contains RNA as its genetic information b) a viral DNA that is embedded in the host cell's DNA c) process by which a virus embeds its DNA into the DNA of the host cell's DNA d) virus that infects bacteria
prophage
a) a viral DNA that is embedded in the host cell's DNA b) virus that contains RNA as its genetic information c) process by which a virus embeds its DNA into the DNA of the host cell and is replicated along with the host cell's DNA d) virus that infects bacteria
cell wall
a) strong, supporting layer around the cell membrane in plants, algea, and some bacteria b) thin, flexible bariier around a cell; regulates what enters and leaves the cell c) one of two tiny structures located in the cytoplasm of animal cells near the nuclear envelope d) network of protein filaments within some cells that helps the cell maintain its shape; involved in many forms of cell movemen
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