The Age Of Enlightenment: Question Preview (ID: 21587)


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Thomas Hobbes
a) believed in natural rights, social contract, blank slate b) believed in general will, popular soverienty, social contract c) Believed in separation of powers, importance of laws d) Believed in absolutism, social contract
Baron de Montesquieu
a) Believed in natural rights, social contract, and blank slate b) believed in general will, popular sovereignty, social contract c) Believed in separation of power, importance of laws, d) Believed in absolutism, social contract
John Locke
a) Believed in natural rights, social contract, blank slate b) Believed in general will, popular sovereignty, social contract c) Believed in absolutism, social contract d) Believed in separation of powers, importance of laws
Provided evidence of a geocentric view of the universe
a) Ptolemy b) Copernicus c) Kepler d) Galileo
Showed that orbits of planets were elliptical
a) Ptolemy b) Copernicus c) Kepler d) Galileo
Proposed a heliocentric view of the universe
a) Ptolemy b) Copernicus c) Kepler d) Galileo
Propsed a geocentric view of the universe
a) Ptolemy b) Copernicus c) Kepler d) Galileo
Which field had many advancements in the 16th-17th centuries occur?
a) Alchemy b) Astrology c) Astronomy d) Abolition
What is absolutism?
a) Belief that monarchs should rule by basic limits of law b) Belief that a ruler should have unlimited power c) Belief that branches of government should be separated d) Belief that dictators should rule.
Which term describes the belief that monarchs gained their power from God?
a) Divine Right b) Consent of the Governed c) Popular Sovereignty d) Direct Democracy
Who signed the English Bill of Rights?
a) King James II b) King John I c) Oliver Cromwell d) King William and Queen Mary
How did the English Bill of Rights limit the power of the English monarch?
a) Gave more power to Parliament b) Gave less power to Parliament c) Created a republic d) Took rights away from citizens
How did the Magna Carta limit the power of the English king?
a) Forced him to gain approval of new taxes b) Turned England into a republic c) Created a 3rd branch of government d) Protected the rights of all people
4. Which of the following describes an action taken by an absolute ruler in the 17th and 18th century?
a) Raising taxes without consent of a legislative body b) Allowing citizens to elect members of the legislative body c) Gaining approval from legislature to raise taxes d) Having their powers checked by another branch of government
Under which system of governance would citizens have little to no individual rights?
a) Constitutional Monarchy b) Democratic Republic c) Dictatorship d) All of the above
Which of the following is an example of an unlimited government?
a) Democracy, such as the modern day US b) Constitutional Monarchy, such as England in the 1700s c) Absolute Monarchy, such as France in the 1700s d) Republic, such as ancient Greece
1. Which quotation was most likely made by a supporter of Oliver Cromwell during the English Civil War.
a) The government that governs best, governs least b) The government must be based on a sound constitution. c) I am the state d) It is the parliament that should make laws
Voltaire
a) Social Contract b) Religious Extremism c) Absolutism d) Personal Freedoms
Would have said that people need an absolute ruler to control them
a) Hobbes b) Locke c) William II d) Cromwell
Which word is most closely associated with both the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment?
a) Reason b) Faith c) Intuition d) Gut feelings
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