Biology 9 Weeks Test Review: Question Preview (ID: 21324)


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Which is the correct hierarchy of life from simple to complex?
a) DNA-cell-organ-organ system- organism b) organism-organ system-organ-tissue-cell c) cell- tissue-organ-organ system- organism d) bacteria-cell-tissue-organ- organ system
Which is the highest in the hierarchy of life and thus includes the others?
a) organism b) ecosystem c) population d) community
Identify 4 cell parts ALL cells have.
a) cell membrane, cytoplasm, ribosomes, genetic material b) cell wall, cytoplasm, ribosomes, genetic material c) mitochondria, nucleus, cytoplasm, cell membrane d) chloroplast, central vacuole, cell wall
What parts do plant cells have that animal cells do not have?
a) cytoplasm, cell membrane, ribosomes, genetic material b) centrioles c) mitochondria, golgi apparatus, endoplasmic reticulum d) cell wall, chloroplast, central vacuole
What part(s) do animal cells have that plant cells do not have?
a) cell membrane, cytoplasm, ribosomes, genetic material b) centrioles c) mitochondria, golgi apparatus, endoplasmic reticulum d) cell wall, chloroplast, central vacuole
What list of cell parts do plants and animals have in common?
a) cell membrane, cytoplasm, ribosomes, genetic material b) centrioles c) mitochondria, golgi apparatus, endoplasmic reticulum d) cell wall, chloroplast, central vacuole
Which is true when comparing eukaryotes and prokaryotes?
a) prokaryotes have nucleus and organelles; eukaryotes do not b) eukaryotes have nucleus and organelles; prokaryotes do not c) neither have a nucleus and organelles d) both have a nucleus and organelles
Which organelle processes and distributes proteins from the cell?
a) lysosome b) endoplasmic reticulum c) golgi apparatus d) mitochondria
The outer boundary of the cell (called plasma membrane)
a) lysosome b) endoplasmic reticulum c) golgi apparatus d) cell membrane
Transport proteins and other materials around the cell
a) lysosome b) endoplasmic reticulum c) golgi apparatus d) cell membrane
What enzyme-filled organelles are responsible for breaking down waste and other materials?
a) lysosome b) endoplasmic reticulum c) golgi appartus d) mitochondria
Location of cell respiration
a) lysosome b) endoplasmic reticulum c) golgi apparatus d) mitochondria
Capture sunlight and converts it to chemical energy
a) lysosome b) endoplasmic reticulum c) golgi apparatus d) chloroplast
Many of these are found in cells that need alot of energy
a) chloroplast b) endoplasmic reticulum c) golgi apparatus d) mitochondria
Which is the correct descriptions for autotrophs and heterotrophs
a) heterotrophs use sunlight to make sugar; autotrophs consume glucose made by other organisms b) autotrophs use sunlight to make sugar; heterotrophs consume glucose made by other organisms c) both use sunlight to make glucose d) Neither use sunlight to make glucose
Which is correct when comparing passive and active transport?
a) Passive does not use energy to move material from high to low; Active uses energy to move material from low to high b) Active moves molecules with/down the gradient; passive moves materials up/against the gradient c) Examples of passive are sodium potassium pump and endocytosis; active examples are osmosis and diffusion d) Both active and passive move materials until equal
What materials does diffusion, osmosis, and facilitated diffusion move?
a) diffusion-water, osmosis- carbon dioxide, facilitated diffusion-small and nonpolar b) diffusion and osmosis move water; facilitated diffusion- large and charge c) diffusion-oxygen/CO2; osmosis-water, facilitated- large and charge (glucose/ions) d) they use cell membrane sacs (vesicles) to bring in large moleucles
Which is the correct pairing of the osmotic solutions and the movement of water?
a) isotonic- water moves in and out equally b) hypertoic- water enters until the cell pops c) hypotonic- water exits and the cell shrinks d) isotonic- no water movement occurs
Who was the first person to discover and name cells? (dead plant cells)
a) Van Leeuwenhoek b) Schleiden c) Robert Hooke d) Schwann
What name is given to the condition of stability enabled by a set of processes such as those involved in the maintenance of internal body temperature?
a) respiration b) metabolism c) homeostasis d) metamorphosis
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