Early US #8 (1800-1840) - North Carolina Social Studies - Middle School: Question Preview (ID: 20264)


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Ogden claimed that a NY license gave his company the sole right to operate steamboat ferries between NY City and New Jersey. Gibbons claimed that a federal law gave him the right to operate steamboat -what did the court decide was vital to capitalism
a) monopolies b) competition c) redistribution d) protectionism
President Jackson wrote that South Carolina’s act was based “on the strange position that any one State may not only declare an act of Congress void, but prohibit its execution '' --Which statement best describes how Andrew Jackson viewed SC actions?
a) He thought that it was only justified if other states did the same thing. b) He disagreed with its claim that states had the right to nullify federal laws. c) He saw it as a threat to the government’s effort to create a command economy. d) He believed that it gave the Supreme Court’s power of judicial review to the states.
It is emphatically the province and duty of the judicial department to say what the law is . . .. If two laws conflict with each other, the courts must decide on the operation of each -Marbury v. Madison --what principle was established?
a) trial by jury b) laissez-faire c) nullification d) judicial review
In 1828, the South Carolina legislature issued a protest against a tariff passed by the United States Congress. --What principle did the South Carolina legislature use in support of its protest?
a) laissez-faire b) states’ rights c) judicial review d) separate but equal
In its 1819 McCulloch v. Maryland decision, the Supreme Court ruled that Congress had powers under the Necessary and Proper Clause to to create a national bank --How did this Supreme Court decision affect life in the United States?
a) It eliminated competition by giving the national bank a monopoly. b) It gave the federal government a larger role in the national economy. c) It kept state governments from being able to raise any money through taxes. d) It caused a move away from a market economy to a government-run economy.
the Supreme Court ruled that the Cherokee Nation was a distinct community that had rights similar to the rights of a foreign countryPresident Andrew Jackson disagreed...He refused to order troops to leave Cherokee territory --what is the significance
a) It established the rule that the president outranks the Chief Justice. b) It showed how the system of checks and balances worked effectively. c) It ignored the Supreme Court’s authority to interpret the Constitution. d) It upheld the president’s constitutional right to veto Supreme Court decisions.
In July 1798, Congress passed the Sedition Act. This law punished with fines or imprisonment anyone convicted of publishing or saying publicly anything judged to be false or hostile about the government --why do people criticize the sedition act?
a) Limiting freedom of the speech and of the press threatened democracy. b) The punishments for conviction were considered to be cruel and unusual. c) Its focus on speech and the press meant that other disloyal acts went unpunished. d) Only the Supreme Court had power to convict people for speech and press violations.
A six-horse wagon team could take anywhere from 18 to 35 days to transport 3,000 pounds of cargo between Pittsburgh and Philadelphia in 1812. By 1840, that journey took only about three and a half days. What explains this reduction in travel time?
a) A statewide system of canals was built. b) The telegraph made shipping more accurate. c) Pony Express riders began crossing the state. d) The Transcontinental Railroad was completed.
Judicial review allows the Supreme Court to
a) determine the constitutionality of federal laws b) approve nominations to the president’s cabinet c) oversee the financing of the lower federal courts d) remove elected officials from office
Which document was issued primarily to prevent European nations from future colonization in Latin America?
a) Jay Treaty (1795) b) Alien and Sedition Acts (1798) c) Embargo Act (1807) d) Monroe Doctrine (1823)
How did the War of 1812 affect the economy of the United States?
a) More people turned to farming because the war disrupted overseas trade. b) Manufacturing increased because British goods were no longer imported. c) The destruction of factories caused by the fighting resulted in a slow recovery. d) Labor costs increased due to shortages of workers who went to fight in the war.
A Milestone in U.S. Transportation • 363 miles long • Completed in 1825 • Connected the Great Lakes region with the Atlantic coast --What milestone in U.S. transportation history is described in this list?
a) the Erie Canal b) the Oregon Trail c) the Cumberland Road d) the Transcontinental Railroad
Why did southern states like South Carolina oppose the use of tariffs during the early 1800s?
a) The tariffs protected northern manufactures at the expense southern plantation owners. b) The tariffs made it more difficult to purchase slaves in the markets. c) The tariffs caused the price of cotton to increase and the price of manufactured goods to decrease. d) The tariffs regulated trade between the individual states.
What was one significant factor that contributed to the election of Andrew Jackson as president in 1828?
a) the removal of property qualifications for voting b) the extension of voting rights to free blacks c) the passage of woman suffrage laws in numerous states d) the collapse of the two party political system
Nullification means insurrection and war; and the other states have a right to put it down. —Andrew Jackson President Andrew Jackson’s strong statement is most closely associated with what event?
a) the Supreme Court decision in Dred Scott v. Sandford b) South Carolina’s refusal to collect tariffs c) the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act d) the removal of Native American tribes from the South
1838 - Trail of Tears begins when President Martin Van Buren orders the army to remove remaining tribal members to Indian Territory ---What conclusion can be drawn about the federal government’s role in Indian removal?
a) The federal government gave states power to remove Cherokee tribes. b) The federal government refused to protect Cherokee lands from white settlers. c) The legislature supported Cherokee leaders’ lawsuits against the state of Georgia. d) The legislature continued supporting a policy of Cherokee assimilation.
How did the War of 1812 affect the relationship between the United States and Britain?
a) It brought about an end to the slave trade between the two countries. b) It resulted in a military alliance between the two countries. c) It ended the presence of British troops on U.S. soil. d) It gave Britain the status of a “most favored” trade partner.
The consequences of a speedy removal will be important to the United States, to individual States, and to the Indians themselves...enable those states to advance rapidly in population, wealth, and power. -what was the purpose of Indian Removal
a) to secure land in southern states for white settlement b) to eliminate the possibility of Native Americans uniting with the French c) to relocate tribes to more prosperous land settlements in the West d) to place tribes under the control of southern states
Mischief springs from the power which the moneyed interest derives from a paper currency which they are able to control'' —Andrew Jackson --This excerpt explains one reason why Andrew Jackson pursued what policy during his presidency?
a) closing down the national bank b) protecting domestic industries with high tariffs c) controlling inflation through government regulations d) stimulating the economy through government investment
The American System • A protective tariff • A national bank • Federal subsidies for roads and canals --Political leaders like Henry Clay supported an economic plan called the American System during the 1800s. What was a goal of this plan?
a) to promote American industry and commerce b) to encourage agricultural exports from America c) to increase economic ties with Latin American countries d) to limit the national government's involvement in the economy
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