Science Benchmark 4 Review: Question Preview (ID: 19998)

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An air mass that forms off the southeast coast of the US (Florida) is ______.
a) cold, dry b) cold, moist c) hot, dry d) warm, moist
In general, air pressure is greatest near earth's surface and _____ as you move upward away from the ground.
a) decreases b) increases c) stays the same d) doubles
Thunderstorms generally form along a(n) ______.
a) occluded front b) cold front c) warm front d) stationary front
A _____ forecasts the weather using data collected from many sources.
a) meteorologist b) geologist c) hydrologist d) biologist
When water droplets form around dust particles and becomes heavy enough to fall out of the clouds, we have ______.
a) wind b) fog c) dew point d) precipitation
A line that connects points of equal pressure is a(n) _______.
a) station model b) satellite map c) catalyst d) isobar
High pressure systems usually means good weather because _____.
a) temperatures are average b) the density of the air is less c) the higher air density make it difficult for air to rise and clouds to form d) humidity is very low
A ____ forms where cold and warm air masses meet.
a) front b) climate c) balloon d) flood
There are ______ molecules of air at high elevations, so air pressure is less.
a) fewer b) the same number of c) more d) no
A(n) ____ is a large body of air that has the same properties as Earth's surface over which it develops.
a) air mass b) cloud c) tornado d) front
What type of energy transfer occurs when heat in sand transfers to a person's feet?
a) convection b) conduction c) radiation d) kinetic
Which of the following is not a characteristic of the troposphere?
a) contains high level of water vapor b) contains a high level of atmosphere gasses c) contains a high level of ozone d) we live there
plants and animals thrive on Earth after the ozone layers was formed. It protects the Earth from ____.
a) solar radiation b) meteor showers c) acid rain d) volcanic gas
The troposphere is the layer of the atmosphere closet to Earth's surface. Which of these would you expect to find in the troposphere?
a) a shooting star b) clouds and rain c) extremely high temperatures d) meteors
The ____ are windless zones near the equator.
a) doldrums b) prevailing westerlies c) polar easterlies d) trade winds
In the water cycle, evaporated water _______.
a) precipitates as rain or snow b) runs into lakes and streams c) becomes ground water d) condenses to form clouds
The transfer of energy through waves or rays is known as _____.
a) conduction b) convection c) radiation d) condensation
The most abundant gas in the atmosphere is ______.
a) argon b) oxygen c) water vapor d) nitrogen
The _____ are responsible for the movement of much of the weather across the United States.
a) prevailing westerlies b) polar easterlies c) trade winds d) doldrums
The ______ extends into outer space.
a) troposphere b) stratosphere c) mesosphere d) exosphere
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