2nd Semester Biology Review Game: Question Preview (ID: 19352)


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In the change from a five-kingdom classification system to a six-kingdom classification system, one kingdom was divided into two. What was used as a basis for that division?
a) similar behaviors b) genetic differences c) similar appearances d) eukaryotic differences
Which kingdom was divided into two, changing the five-kingdom classification system to the six-kingdom classification system?
a) Protista b) Monera c) Plant d) Fungi
In the change from a five-kingdom classification system to a six-kingdom classification system, one kingdom was divided into two. Which two new kingdoms came about as a result of that division?
a) Archaebacteria and Eubacteria b) unicellular and multicellular c) Archea and Monera d) Monera and Protista
Assume that two species are coexisting in the same environment. Species A has little gene pool variation, whereas species B has great variety in its gene pool. During a dramatic environmental change, which event is MOST probable?
a) Species A and B will merge into one species. b) Species A and B will endure great surges of mutations. c) Species A will evolve, whereas species B will have few surviving members. d) Species A will become extinct, whereas species B will have surviving members.
Why are the mutations generated in a species' gene pool important?
a) The mutations reduce variation. b) The mutations prevent inbreeding. c) The mutations maintain equilibrium. d) The mutations cause evolution.
Scientists believe that mutations occur regularly and are constantly generated in a gene pool. With such constant mutations, why do scientists say that evolution is a very slow process?
a) Mutations only affect germ cells. b) Mutations are immediately destroyed. c) Most mutations kill the victim before reproduction occurs. d) Most mutations occur on regions that are not gene-coded.
What is the relationship among chromosomes, DNA, and genes?
a) DNA, which is made up of bundles of genes, is located on chromosomes. b) Genes, which are made up of sequences of DNA, are located on chromosomes. c) Chromosomes are located on DNA, which is made up of long strands of genes. d) Chromosomes are located on genes, which are made up of long threads of DNA.
What is the relationship between genes and chromosomes?
a) Chromosomes are found on specific genes. b) Genes direct the functions of specific chromosomes. c) Genes are located on the chromosomes of each cell. d) Chromosomes are located on genes, which are made up of long threads of DNA.
What is the relationship between a gene and a chromosome?
a) A gene is a part of the DNA that is found in a chromosome. b) A gene is a part of a codon that is found in a chromosome. c) A chromosome is a part of the DNA that is found in a gene. d) A chromosome is a part of the allele that is found in a gene.
What information is shown on a genetic map of a chromosome?
a) relative location of genes on a chromosome b) alleles of the genes located on a chromosome c) relative order of chromosomes lining up during meiosis d) amount of DNA occurring between genes on a chromosome
In the five-kingdom system, Streptococcus was classified in the kingdom Monera. Now, in the six-kingdom system, Streptococcus is classified in which kingdom?
a) Animailia b) Archebacteria c) Eubacteria d) Protista
Which of the following lists the major taxa in order from most inclusive to least inclusive?
a) kingdom, phylum, class, order, genus, family, species b) kingdom, class, phylum, order, genus, family, species c) kingdom, phylum, order, class, family, genus, species d) kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species
Which of the following is the correct taxonomic sequence for a human, from most inclusive to least inclusive?
a) Animalia, Chordata, Mammalia, Primata, Hominidae, Homo, Homo sapiens b) Animalia, Mammalia, Chordata, Primata, Hominidae, Homo, Homo sapiens c) Animalia, Chordata, Primata, Mammalia, Hominidae, Homo, Homo sapiens d) Animalia, Mammalia, Chordata, Hominidae, Primata, Homo, Homo sapiens
Of the taxonomic divisions listed below, which is the most inclusive?
a) Class b) Order c) Family d) Kingdom
Which abiotic factor enables plants to synthesize sugar?
a) Genus b) Class c) Species d) Family
Of the taxonomic divisions listed below, which is the least inclusive?
a) Carbon Dioxide b) Carbon Monoxide c) Sucrose d) Glucase
Which pathway illustrates how nutrients from food are delivered to the cells in the body?
a) .capturing and transferring energy from sunlight b) breaking down and releasing carbon dioxide into the atmosphere c) producing and using energy from sunlight d) producing carbon dioxide and converting it into simple sugars
In photosynthesis, what are the main functions of the light-dependent reactions?
a) digestive system breaks down the food molecules lymphatic system carries the broken molecules throughout the body b) digestive system breaks down the food molecules circulatory system carries the broken molecules throughout the body c) excretory system removes the unwanted food molecules respiratory system transports wanted molecules throughout the body d) excretory system removes the unwanted food molecules circulatory system transports wanted molecules throughout the body
Some prokaryotes obtain energy from hydrogen sulfide gas instead of organic molecules. In which of the following groups do these prokaryotes belong?
a) Chemoautotrophs b) Photoautotrophs c) Photoheterotrophs d) Heterotrops
An individual has parents who are both carriers of the recessive allele that causes cystic fibrosis. Neither parent is affected by the disease.What is the chance that their offspring will have the disease?
a) 0% b) 25% c) 50% d) 100%
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