# Waves: Question Preview (ID: 18873)

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 A wave is a disturbance that transfers _ through matter or space. a) energy b) particles c) time d) motion A material that is disturbed by a wave is called a _. a) pattern b) medium c) object d) water When traveling through a medium, a wave displaces the particles of the medium. That is, the wave moves the particles from their original, or __, position. a) standard b) set c) original d) continuous Some waves do not request a medium. Two example of this would be __ waves and __ waves. a) light, radio b) heat, sound c) light, sound d) heat, energy __ waves can transfer energy through empty space. a) amplitude b) space c) electromagnetic d) static _ is the distance from the midpoint (resting position) of a wave to its top. a) wavelength b) trough c) crest d) amplitude The top of a wave is called the _. a) wavelength b) trough c) crest d) amplitude The bottom of a wave is called the _. a) wavelength b) trough c) crest d) amplitude __ is the distance from any point on a wave to the identical point on the next wave. a) wavelength b) trough c) crest d) amplitude _ is the number of waves that pass a given point in one second. a) amplitude b) frequency c) wavelength d) speed In a _ wave, the particles of the medium vibrate perpendicular to the path of the wave. a) amplitude b) transverse c) longitudinal d) light In a _ wave, the particles of the medium vibrate parallel to the path of the wave. a) amplitude b) transverse c) longitudinal d) light A part of a longitudinal wave where the particles are pushed closer together is called a _. a) compression b) rarefaction c) transfer d) squeeze A part of the longitudinal wave where the particles spread out is called _. a) compression b) rarefaction c) transfer d) spreading Which of the following is NOT a medium? a) space b) air c) water d) wood A wave's amplitude is a) the distance from the resting point to a crest or trough b) the distance between the crest of one wave and the crest of the next c) the distance the wave travels in one second d) the number of waves that pass a given point in one second What do waves transfer? a) matter b) energy c) water d) particles Picture a tub filled with water and a toy boat floating on the water. You plunge your fist into the water, next to the toy boat. What will happen to the boat? a) It will travel to the other end of the tub. b) It will stay completely still. c) It will travel closer to your fist. d) It will bob up and down. Which part of a transverse wave is similar to a compression in a longitudinal wave? a) crest b) trough c) midpoint d) particle In a wave, energy travels through the medium but __ does not move. a) matter b) waves c) speed d) sound
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