EDU 1010 Chapter Five - Education Philosophy And Your Teaching: Question Preview (ID: 17977)


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At a most basic level, philosophy is often described as:
a) a search for wisdom. b) a set of fundamental principles. c) a guide for action in our daily lives. d) a system of beliefs about how the world works.
“A framework for thinking about educational issues and a guide for professional practice” best describes which of the following?
a) An epistemology of education. b) An ontology of education. c) An axiology of education. d) A philosophy of education.
Which of the following best describes the role of philosophy in teacher professionalism?
a) It helps ensure that professional teachers will be ethical in their dealings with students. b) It is an essential part of the knowledge base teachers use to make decisions. c) It is an essential part of teachers’ classroom strategies. d) It ensures that students who are members of cultural minorities will be instructed without cultural bias.
Which of the following statements best describes the relationship between theory and philosophy?
a) Theories explain observations in the world, and philosophy explains people’s thoughts and emotions. b) Philosophy is used to analyze ideas, but theories go beyond philosophy to explain observations and events. c) Theories explain observations in the world, but philosophy goes beyond theory to describe how things ought to be. d) Theories are based on principles, and philosophy is used to form the principles.
The branch of philosophy that deals with questions of how we come to know what we know is:
a) axiology. b) ontology. c) epistemology. d) ethics.
The branch of philosophy that considers values and ethics is:
a) epistemology. b) ontology. c) psychology. d) axiology.
A teacher says, “I’m getting paid to help kids learn, and I’m not earning my salary if I don’t give it my very best,” is making a statement most closely related to:
a) epistemology. b) ontology. c) axiology. d) logic.
Some schools strongly emphasize basic skills, such as reading, writing, math, and now, even computer literacy. The educational philosophy most closely associated with this emphasis is:
a) perennialism. b) essentialism. c) progressivism. d) social reconstructionism.
Which of the following statements best describes the primary difference between perennialism and essentialism?
a) Essentialism is more strongly grounded in idealism and realism than is perennialism. b) Essentialism emphasizes the importance of knowledge and skills that are useful in today's world more than perennialism does. c) Essentialism emphasizes learner-centered instruction, whereas perennialism emphasizes teacher-centered instruction. d) Essentialism emphasizes epistemology (how we know), whereas perennialism emphasizes ontology (what we know).
The educational philosophy emphasizing curriculum that focuses on real-world problem solving and individual development best describes:
a) perennialism. b) essentialism. c) progressivism. d) social reconstructionism.
Which of the following is the most commonly voiced criticism of progressivism?
a) It too strongly emphasizes content that isn’t relevant to students’ present-day world. b) It places too much emphasis on students’ interest and self-esteem at the expense of understanding. c) It places too much emphasis on basic skills like reading, writing and math at the expense of other areas like history/science d) It is too teacher-centered, and as a result, it detracts from student motivation.
Of the following, the most commonly voiced criticism of social reconstructionism is:
a) It is elitist and places too much emphasis on historical ideas irrelevant to students’ lives. b) It has abandoned schools as places for learning, instead using schools for political purposes. c) It places too much emphasis on the individual and student self-esteem. d) It places too much emphasis on basic skills at the expense of other parts of the curriculum.
A teacher has her seventh graders study the novel The Yearling because she believes students should examine moral dilemmas, since moral dilemmas have existed throughout history. This teacher's philosophy is most likely to be:
a) perennialism. b) essentialism. c) progressivism. d) social reconstructionism.
Davis Elementary School emphasizes reading, writing, math, and science, because, “If the kids get good in these areas, they have the tools needed to understand the world around them.” The philosophy of Davis is most likely grounded in:
a) perennialism. b) essentialism. c) progressivism. d) social reconstructionism.
Juan Chaves prefers problem-based learning in which students need to solve an ill-defined, real world problem over time. He provides only enough guidance to keep the students from going too far down blind alleys and wasting time. Juan’s philosophy is
a) perennialism. b) essentialism. c) progressivism. d) social reconstructionism.
A teacher has her students read Maya Angelou’s I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings because she wants them to increase their sensitivity to literature written by cultural minorities. This teacher’s goal is most likely grounded in:
a) perennialism. b) essentialism. c) progressivism. d) social reconstructionism.
The explanation and rationale you provide for your educational goals—what you want to accomplish in your classroom, will most strongly depend on:
a) your personal philosophy. b) your personal needs. c) your self-esteem. d) your work ethic and sense of responsibility.
Of the following, which is the decision most closely related to forming your own philosophy of education?
a) Deciding whether or not you want to be a teacher b) Deciding if you want to remain in teaching as a career c) Deciding if you are able to balance a career with a family d) Deciding what kind of teacher you want to be
As you form your personal philosophy, which of the following statements best describes the personal philosophy that you will form? Your personal philosophy will:
a) closely parallel one of the educational philosophies that you studied in the chapter. b) closely follow the general philosophical patterns characterized by the ethnic group of which you are a member. c) be refined and change as you gather experience and learn. d) influence your thinking about teaching, but it will have limited influence on your teaching practice.
As you begin the process of forming your own philosophy of education, which of the following best describes the first step you will take?
a) Identifying your personal and professional goals b) Identifying your professional needs c) Identifying your professional beliefs d) Summarizing your personal experiences
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