Applied Linguistics: First Language Acquisition (Part 3): Question Preview (ID: 12649)

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According to Chomsky's Nativist Theory, hypothesis testing
a) is how a child learns his first language-- through experimentation. b) is not necessary for language learning. c) must be avoided if a parent wants his or her child to learn correct syntax. d) will cause the language learner a delay in language development.
An example of hypothesis testing is
a) learning the past tense -ed ending and saying GOED instead of WENT. b) saying HI THERE when you have never heard that expression before. c) when a child learns the word dog, and then says it when he sees a cow. d) using motherese to get your child to pay attention to you.
Overgeneralization happens when
a) a language learner over-applies words. b) Applied Linguistics students learn theories from the past that are outdated. c) parents teach children their native language. d) the LAD is triggered.
An example of overgeneralization is
a) when a child learns the word bird correctly, but then says it when he sees a butterfly. b) frowning at your child when she says the wrong word. c) learning the noun plural -s ending, and saying MANS instead of MEN. d) learning about Skinner and Chomsky.
Parameter setting (Chomsky, Nativist Theory) happens when
a) a LL selects relevant grammar rules for his L1 out of the many grammar rules contained in LAD. b) a LL is in the process of learning a second language. c) a LL is in the process of learning a foreign language. d) a LL masters either his second or his foreign language.
According to the Social Interactionist Theory,
a) children need numerous opportunities to hear language features. b) a child only needs to hear a language feature once to learn it well if you making eye contact. c) children continue to learn while they sleep. d) a parent/teacher needs to be in constant contact with the child in order for him/her to learn.
The Social Interactionist Theory tells us
a) all of these statements are true for the Social Interactionist Theory. b) the focus is on conversations. c) the role of the chld and of the social environment are equally important. d) caregiver speech is important.
What does this mean per the Social Interactionist Theory? ba -- baba -- bottle
a) Pronunciation and grammar develop over time after a LL hears language numerous times. b) This baby is so cute! c) None of these statements are true for the Social Interactionist Theory. d) Parents need to listen carefully because baby might be telling us something we do not expect.
The expression USE IT OR LOSE IT refers to
a) Chomsky's parameter setting. b) Skinner's stimulus - response - reinforcement. c) Social Interactionists' social environment. d) Mrs. Acevedo's famous theory of brain function.
Genie is
a) an abused girl who never developed mature language. b) Aladdin's blue friend who lives in a bottle. c) a Arabian scientist from 1256 AD who first postulated first language acquisition. d) a computer program that helps children overcome language impediments in their native languages.
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