Chapter 14 Vocabulary: Question Preview (ID: 8086)

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The science of classifying organisms
a) Taxonomy
b) Phylogeny
c) Genetics
d) Ecology

Every organism is given a two-word scientific name. This system is known as
a) Binomial Nomenclature
b) Phylogeny
c) Heredity
d) Taxonomy

What is the primary language used in the scientific naming of organisms?
a) Latin
b) English
c) Italian
d) Any language

In a scientific name, the first word is the ....
a) Genus
b) Species
c) Order
d) Family

This Kingdom contains organisms that are like both plants and animals
a) Protista
b) Fungi
c) Eubacteria
d) Archebacteria

A classification system for organisms
a) allows unfamiliar organisms to be identified and assigned names on a logical basis
b) ensures that biologists know about new forms of life
c) provides guidance for explorers of marine caves and other habitats
d) causes biologists to make mistakes in classifying newly discovered organisms

Unlike common names, scientifically accepted names
a) are the same all over the world
b) vary from country to country
c) vary from continent to continent
d) are the came in all countries where most people can read and write

The following items can be classified
a) any group of related objects
b) any system of classification
c) any differences between organisms
d) any group of unrelated objects

Who is credited with today's modern classification system that utilizes structure and size?
a) Linneaus
b) Aristotle
c) Democritus
d) Hooke

Who invented the first classification system based upon where organisms lived?
a) Aristotle
b) Linneaus
c) Democritus
d) Hooke

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