Earth Science Ch 2 B: Question Preview (ID: 6212)

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If the Coast Guard warns of a giant wave of water approaching the shore as a result of a major earthquake, they are warning of
a) an aftershock
b) liquefaction
c) a tsunami
d) landslides

The best way to protect yourself in an earthquake is to
a) run as fast as you can
b) drop, cover and hold
c) go into the basement
d) stand under a tree

Geologists know that wherever plate movement stores energy in the rock along faults,
a) earthquakes are not likely.
b) earthquakes are likely.
c) an earthquake is occurring.
d) an earthquake could never occur.

The risk of earthquakes is high along the Pacific coast of the United States because
a) there have been no earthquakes there lately.
b) serious earthquakes are rare east of the Rockies.
c) satellites have detected increasing elevation of the ground surface.
d) that’s where the Pacific and North American plates meet.

A force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume is called
a) an aftershock
b) friction
c) liquefaction
d) stress

Most earthquake-related deaths and injuries result from
a) tsunamis
b) damage to buildings
c) liquefaction
d) P waves

In a strike-slip fault, the rocks on either side of the fault slip past each other sideways with little
a) noise
b) shaking
c) up-and-down motion
d) movement

What happens when friction between the opposite sides of a fault is high?
a) A plateau may form on one side of the fault.
b) The fault locks, and stress builds up until an earthquake occurs.
c) Folding of the crust may occur.
d) The rocks on both sides of the fault easily slide past each other.

In what direction do seismic waves carry the energy of an earthquake?
a) away from the focus
b) toward the focus
c) from the surface to the interior
d) through the mantle only

What type of earthquake wave can travel through both liquids and solids?
a) P waves
b) S waves
c) focus waves
d) surface waves

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