Evolutionary History Vocabulary Question Preview (ID: 59143)


Based On Amplify Curriculum Vocabulary.

a group of individuals born and living at about the same time
a) generation
b) population
c) organisms
d) related

having died out completely and no longer alive anywhere on Earth
a) extinct
b) fossil
c) generation
d) common ancestor population

the process by which species adapt to environmental changes over a very long time
a) evolution
b) natural selection
c) speciation
d) descendant species

everything (living and nonliving) that surrounds an organism
a) environment
b) population
c) generation
d) species

a more recent species that evolved from an ancestor population
a) descendant species
b) common ancestor population
c) evolution
d) generation

an older population from which two or more newer species descended
a) common ancestor population
b) descendant species
c) extinct
d) speciation

a part of an organism (for example, one or more bones)
a) body structure
b) non-adaptive trait
c) adaptive trait
d) fossil

a related organism from a previous generation
a) ancestor
b) descendant
c) fossil
d) species

a trait that makes it more likely that an individual will survive in a specific environment
a) adaptive trait
b) body structure
c) evolution
d) mutation

a random change to a gene that sometimes results in a new trait
a) mutation
b) evolution
c) generation
d) adaptive trait

the process by which the distribution of traits in a population changes over many generations
a) natural selection
b) speciation
c) evolution
d) adaptive trait

living things, such as plants, animals, and bacteria
a) organisms
b) fossils
c) populations
d) speciesa scientist who studies fossils in order to understand the ancient history of life on Earth

a scientist who studies fossils in order to understand the ancient history of life on Earth
a) paleontologist
b) meteorologist
c) archaeologist
d) anthropologist

a group of the same type of organism living in the same area
a) population
b) generation
c) species
d) related

sharing a common ancestor population
a) related
b) ancestor population
c) shared structure
d) evolution

a body structure in two or more species that features the same parts (for example, the same bones)
a) shared structure
b) fossil
c) limb
d) adaptive trait

the process by which one population evolves into two or more different species
a) speciation
b) natural selection
c) species
d) common ancestor population

a group of organisms of the same kind (in one or more populations) that do not reproduce with organisms from any other group
a) species
b) population
c) generation
d) environment

evidence of life from the past, such as fossilized bones, footprints, or leaf prints
a) fossil
b) extinct
c) common ancestor population
d) body structure

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