Weathering And Erosion: Question Preview (ID: 5661)

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What is erosion?
a) the movement of rocks and soil from one place to another
b) breaking down of rocks by weather
c) building up of rocks
d) a constructive force

Fossil fuels were formed over millions of years ago from
a) dead plant and animal matter
b) sediment layers
c) glacier ice
d) atmosphere gases

Destructive forces can change the Earth's surface in all of these ways EXCEPT
a) creating valleys
b) building mountains
c) eroding plateaus and rock formations
d) breaking rock down into sediment

A river flows down form a mountain range into a deep canyon. The canyon was probably formed when
a) water and wind eroded rocks and sediments
b) a glacier moved through and eroded the land
c) a lake dried up and revealed a crack in the Earth
d) and earthquake split the Earth

When a glacier erodes the land what kind of valley is formed?
a) V- shaped valley
b) No change
c) U- shaped valley
d) a flat surface

Which of the following does NOT cause weathering?
a) wind
b) water
c) rain
d) trees

Oil is created when
a) plants remove nitrogen from the soil
b) organic matter is heated and pressed inside the earth
c) dead plants and animals return carbon to the soil
d) wood is burned and turned into a different kind of matter

A sandbar is created at the mouth of a river. Which of these explains the creation of the sandbar?
a) weathering
b) erosion
c) deposition
d) none of the above

Which of these explains a beach shoreline getting smaller?
a) weathering
b) erosion
c) deposition
d) none of the above

Which of these explains wind moving sand from one place to another?
a) weathering
b) erosion
c) depostion
d) none of the above

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