Astronomy Part 2 Question Preview (ID: 44627)


Review For Astronomy Quiz.[print questions]

During which season do the rays of the sun hit the Earth at the MOST indirect angle?
a) winter
b) fall
c) spring
d) summer

The temperature on land around the equator stays about the same throughout the year. This is because this area
a) has a greater tilt than other parts of the Earth.
b) receives similar amounts of sunlight throughout the year.
c) receives less direct sunlight throughout the year.
d) receives more direct sunlight than other parts of the Earth.

The phases of the moon are caused by
a) Earth revolving around the sun and the sun's light being reflect off the moon.
b) the moon revolving around the sun and Earth.
c) the moon revolving around Earth and the moon reflecting sunlight towards Earth.
d) the moon revolving around Earth with sunlight reflecting off of Earth towards the moon.

Which of these causes the day/night cycle on Earth?
a) Earth’s rotation
b) Earth’s polar tilt
c) Earth’s revolution
d) Earth’s circle of illumination

If you live in Earth's northern hemisphere, on June 20th or 21st you experience summer solstice, which represents the official start of summer. This is the longest day of the year. What causes this change in day length?
a) The apparent counterclockwise movement of the Earth.
b) The Earth is orbiting closest to the sun at this time.
c) The Northern Hemisphere is tilted toward the sun while the Earth is orbiting at its closest point to the sun
d) Earth's tilt toward the sun is maximized at this time in the Northern Hemisphere.

When Earth is between the Moon and the Sun, the fully lit face of the Moon is seen from Earth. This phase of the Moon is called a ________ moon.
a) full
b) Crescent
c) Gibbous
d) new

The Earth rotates about its axis from west to east. What piece of evidence about the Moon can we use to support this statement?
a) The phases of the Moon change very slowly.
b) Only one face of the Moon is visible from Earth.
c) The Moon rises in the east and sets in the west.
d) The Moon's phases change every day during a month.

When the Moon is positioned between the Sun and Earth, we are seeing a __________ moon.
a) New
b) Full
c) Half
d) Crescent

The longest day of the year occurs during the June solstice for locations in the Northern hemisphere. The ________________ causes seasonal variations in day length to all locations outside of the equator.
a) tilt of the Earth's axis relative to the plane of the ecliptic
b) spin of the Earth on its axis
c) position of the Earth on its path around the sun
d) position of the Earth relative to the position of the moon

Alan used a flashlight as the Sun and a ball as the Earth. He placed the flashlight on a table. Then he held the ball and started to walk around the flashlight to show the day and night cycle of the Earth. What should he do to correctly show the day
a) move the ball close and then near the flashlight
b) walk farther away from the ball
c) click the flashlight on and off
d) rotate the ball on its axis

Having been here on Earth for a while, you know that every year is made up of four seasons. What causes the changes in seasons?
a) The rotation of the sun.
b) The tilt of the Earth on its axis.
c) The heating and cooling of the sun.
d) The rotation of the Earth on its axis

lthough the distance between the Earth and Sun varies slightly throughout the path of Earth's orbit, it has little impact on seasonal changes. What has the most impact on the seasonal changes that create variations in daylight and temperature?
a) the alignment of the Moon, Earth, and Sun
b) the length of the Sun's orbit around Earth
c) Earth's axial tilt changes direction as it orbits the Sun
d) Earth's axial tilt and relation of the axis to the Sun

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