MacCrory's States Of Matter Review Question Preview (ID: 39187)

Changes Of State, Attractive Forces, And Kinetic And Potential Energy.

How is the pressure in a gas and its volume related?
a) Higher pressure makes a smaller volume.
b) Higher pressure makes a larger volume.
c) There is no relationship between pressure and volume.
d) As the temperature increases, the pressure increases.

The state of matter where the particles have the least potential energy is
a) solid
b) liquid
c) gas
d) Bose-Einstein Condensate

Each of these is a part of the kinetic molecular theory EXCEPT
a) matter is made of tiny particles.
b) all matter exists in all three states on Earth.
c) all particles of matter are in motion.
d) the movement of the particles is random.

How is temperature different from thermal energy?
a) Temperature is only about average kinetic energy.
b) Thermal energy is only about potential energy.
c) Temperature doesn't change, but thermal energy does change.
d) Both terms mean the same thing.

The ability of liquids to cling together at the surface due to uneven pressure on them is called
a) viscosity.
b) air pressure.
c) adhesion.
d) surface tension.

What is one interesting thing that happens due to surface tension?
a) Some tiny insects can walk on water.
b) Water drops can form a dome shape when dropped on a penny.
c) a needle can float on water.
d) all of the above are correct.

What state of matter has particles that move over each other, but has a moderate amount of potential.
a) Solid
b) Liquid
c) Gas
d) Plasma

Which state of matter has particles with very high potential energy and very high kinetic energy?
a) Solid
b) Liquid
c) Gas

What happens to the strength of attractive forces between the particle of a substance as their temperature decreases?
a) The attractive force increases.
b) The attractive force decreases.
c) The attractive forces are unchanged.
d) There is no relation between attractive forces and temperature.

Ketchup, tar, and molasses
a) have high viscosity.
b) have the same boiling points.
c) have low viscosity.
d) melt at room temperature.

Viscosity is
a) the property of a liquid that allows it to boil.
b) the property of a solid that allows it to keep its shape.
c) the property of a liquid to resist pouring.
d) the property of a gas that allow it to be a vapor.

Salt, diamonds, and snowflakes are all examples of this type of solid.
a) amorphous
b) deconstructed
c) valuable
d) crystalline

Which of these is NOT an amorphous solid?
a) rubber
b) glass
c) sugar
d) cotton candy

How does temperature affect the kinetic energy of matter?
a) Increasing temperature will cause a decrease in kinetic energy.
b) Increasing temperature will cause an increase in kinetic energy.
c) There is no relationship between temperature and kinetic energy.

What state of matter is characterized with particles that stay in place as they move?
a) Solid
b) Liquid
c) Gas
d) Plasma

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