American Indians 01 Question Preview (ID: 39164)


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The five largest Iroquoian tribes were the Cayuga, Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, and Seneca. Together, they were known as the Iroquois, or the
a) Five Nations.
b) Lakota.
c) Kachina Clan.
d) Trade Federation.

Before the first Europeans arrived in North America, American Indians lived
a) in all areas of North America.
b) from the Mississippi River valley to the Atlantic Ocean.
c) on the vast grasslands between the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains.
d) mostly in what is now Arizona and New Mexico.

About 1570, the Iroquois League of Peace was formed. It acted as a loose group of governments working together, or
a) confederation.
b) alliance.
c) council.
d) assembly.

Before 1622, wampum was mainly used to show social status, mark key events, finalize agreements, and as prizes for major contests. In 1622 a Dutch trader first began to use wampum as a type of
a) money.
b) badge.
c) prize.
d) weapon.

The Iroquois transported goods in canoes to trade with other towns. They also laid out trading trails that connected towns. The interrelated trails and waterway routes formed a regional
a) trade network.
b) traditional ceremony.
c) trading post.
d) confederacy.

The Iroquois call themselves the Haudenosaunee (hodehnoSHOHnee), or “People of the
a) Longhouse.
b) Igloo.
c) Plankhouse.
d) Teepee.

Which group of American Indians lived in an area that was not easy to farm?
a) Iroquois
b) Powhatan
c) Catawba
d) Saponi

The Iroquois usually built their settlements on high ground near water. To protect against enemies, they surrounded their towns with tall
a) palisades.
b) kachinas.
c) lodges.
d) weirs.

Many different tribes lived in the Eastern Woodlands. However, they all depended on an important natural resource -
a) trees.
b) beaver.
c) deer.
d) buffalo.

The Eastern Woodland region stretched from
a) the Mississippi River valley to the Atlantic Ocean.
b) the Appalachian Mountains to the Coastal Plain.
c) the Pacific Ocean to the Gulf of Mexico.
d) the Hudson Bay to the Gulf of Mexico.

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