Origins Of The Middle East Question Preview (ID: 38969)

Religions And Cultures Of The Middle East Ottoman Empire And The End Of WWI.[print questions]

Which of the following is not a reason that the Ottoman Empire began to decline in powers towards the end of the late 1800s and early 1900s? (There may be more than one answer. Mark all that apply.)
a) Nationalist movements and rival powers fought for control of the land.
b) Exploration of new lands by Europeans caused by taxes on goods by the Ottomans slowly bankrupted the empire.
c) The Ottoman Empire began expanding their power and territory into east Asia.
d) The fought on the losing side of WWI.

The belief in one god or one supreme being is known as ________________.
a) fertile
b) irrigation
c) monotheism
d) ethnic group

A group of people who share common characteristics, such as language, physical appearance, customs, traditions, and religion.
a) ethnic group
b) religious group
c) race
d) peer group

a group of people who share a common belief system but are not necessarily composed of a single ethnic group
a) ethnic group
b) religious group
c) race
d) peer group

The ____________ ethnic group can be found mainly in Iran and speak the language of Farsi. They are the dominant ethnic group in Iran.
a) Kurds
b) Jews
c) Persians
d) Arabs

People who follow the religion of Islam are known as _____________________.
a) Persians
b) Bahais
c) Kurds
d) Muslims

Which two European countries became major players in controlling big chunks of the Middle East after WWI? This land was part of the former Ottoman Empire.
a) Spain and Portugal
b) Great Britain and France
c) Germany and Italy
d) Persia and Turkey

This ethnic group are found mainly in the mountainous parts of Iran, Iraq, and Turkey. There is also a strong nationalist movement among this group for their own nation, but they have never united in this effort outside of their individual countries
a) Persians
b) Kurds
c) Jews
d) Arabs

Jews, Christians, and Muslims all believe that
a) Jesus was the Messiah.
b) Muhammad went to heaven.
c) Everyone must travel to Mecca.
d) There is only one god.

Most people who live in the Middle East belong to which ethnic group?
a) Persian
b) Kurd
c) Arab
d) Bahai

90% of all people in the Middle East practice the religion of ___________________.
a) Judaism
b) Islam
c) Christianity
d) Hinduism

Almost all of the Jews in the Middle East live in which country?
a) Saudi Arabia
b) Iran
c) Iraq
d) Israel

What two reasons lie at the heart of most conflicts in the Middle East?
a) oil and ethnic differences
b) resources and riches
c) land and religion
d) language and government

Most of the time, Muslims would live together peacefully, but often when conflict would arise, Muslims would split among these two groups.
a) Jews and Christians
b) Buddhists and Hindus
c) Kurds and Persians
d) Sunni and Shia

Europe wanted control of what resource in the Middle East region at the end of WWI and used that to determine how they partitioned the land.
a) oil
b) water
c) gold
d) cotton

A region in southwestern Asia on the Mediterranean that was the country of the Jews in Biblical times and is now occupied by Arabs and Jews.
a) Egypt
b) Turkey
c) Oman
d) Palestine

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