Chapter 7.2 Review (8th) Question Preview (ID: 34993)


Natural Selection In Action.

specific characteristics that can be passed from parent to offspring through genes
a) natural selection
b) traits
c) selective breeding
d) overproduction

process by which individuals that are better adapted survive and reproduce more successfully than individuals that are not as well-adapted
a) natural selection
b) successful reproduction
c) overproduction
d) selective breeding

What puzzled Darwin about the Galápagos finches?
a) They were so different.
b) They should not have been there.
c) They were too similar.
d) They were similar, but had many differences.

Which of the following was NOT a source for Darwin’s ideas about evolution?
a) characteristics of Galápagos animals
b) selective breeding by farmers and animal breeders
c) the ideas and observations of Thomas Malthus and Charles Lyell
d) scientists’ knowledge of genetic changes

Modern scientific explanations of evolution
a) have replaced Darwin’s theory.
b) rely on genetics instead of natural selection.
c) fail to explain how traits are inherited.
d) combine the principles of natural selection and genetic inheritance.

A book which presented evidence that Earth had formed by natural processes over a long period of time. This book made Darwin believe that Earth was much older than anyone had imagined
a) An Essay on the Principle of Population
b) Principles of Geology
c) On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection
d) HMS Beagle

The process by which individuals that are better adapted to their environment survive and reproduce more successfully than less well adapted individuals do
a) natural selection
b) selection
c) breeding
d) variation

A scientist who studies nature
a) biologist
b) archeologist
c) chemist
d) naturalist

A book written by Thomas Malthus in which he noted that humans have the potential to reproduce rapidly. He warned that food supplies could not support unlimited population growth
a) Principles of Geology
b) On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection
c) An Essay on the Principle of Population
d) Galapagos Islands

part of natural selection in which an animal produces a large number of offspring
a) overproduction
b) struggle to survive
c) successful reproduction
d) inherited variation

part of natural selection in which individuals have different traits
a) overproduction
b) struggle to survive
c) successful reproduction
d) inherited variation

part of natural selection in which some individuals die from starvation, competition, disease, or predation
a) overproduction
b) struggle to survive
c) successful reproduction
d) inherited variation

part of natural selection in which individuals best adapted to their environment have many offspring
a) overproduction
b) struggle to survive
c) successful reproduction
d) inherited variation

What did Darwin do during his travels?
a) He wrote a book about his theory.
b) He collected thousands of plant and animal samples.
c) He took photos of plants and animals.
d) He visited all the continents.

the idea that Earth had formed naturally over a long period of time
a) Lyell’s theory
b) Malthus’s principle
c)
d)

the idea that human populations can grow faster than the food supply
a) Lyell’s theory
b) Malthus’s principle
c)
d)

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