Geography Of The Middle East Test: Question Preview (ID: 32283)

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lack of access to clean water, or only access to polluted water.
a) Lack of Fresh Water (Water Scarcity)
b) Draining of Marshland
c) Salinization
d) Water Pollution

the process in which fertile land becomes unusable.
a) Desertification
b) Deforestation
c) Overgrazing
d) Draining of Marshland

any substance that people introduce into the atmosphere that has damaging effects to the living things.
a) Air Pollution
b) Water Pollution
c) Desertification
d) Coastal Degradation

the removal of a forest or stand of trees.
a) Overgrazing
b) Deforestation
c) Salinization
d) Coastal Degradation

when plants are exposed to intensive consumption by livestock without sufficient time for plants to recover.
a) Water Pollution
b) Lack of Fresh Water (Water Scarcity)
c) Overgrazing
d) Desertification

Why is the Suez Canal so important to international shipping?
a) The Suez Canal is Iraq's only waterway leading to the Persian Gulf.
b) The Suez Canal is the only way for ships to get out of the Persian Gulf.
c) It makes it possible to get to the Mediterranean Sea from the Arabian Sea without sailing around the continent of Africa.
d) It connects the Jordan River to the Persian Gulf, making it less expensive to ship products to other parts of Southwest Asia.

build up of salts in the soil, eventually to toxic levels for plants.
a) Salinization
b) Coastal Degradation
c) Deforestation
d) Overgrazing

Why are technologies like desalinization and drip irrigation not more widely used to reduce water shortages in Southwest Asia?
a) Most countries do not know about these technologies.
b) Drip irrigation is not very effective in a hot, dry, climate.
c) The technologies are too expensive.
d) Few countries in Southwest Asia have access to seawater.

Why have the rivers of Southwest Asia become political issues?
a) Everyone needs to be able to use the water and there is only a limited amount.
b) Farmers have not been able to find ways to use the water for irrigation.
c) The rivers can be used only for travel and trade but not for drinking water.
d) Deserts in the region prevent the rivers from being large enough to be useful.

Where are most of the major cities in Southwest Asia located?
a) near deserts
b) in mountain ranges
c) near major rivers
d) in large grasslands

What country is located in the far northwestern edge of the region, where the Tigris and the Euphrates Rivers begin?
a) Israel
b) Turkey
c) Syria
d) Iran

What country is currently facing the world's largest humanitarian crisis?
a) Turkey
b) Iran
c) Iraq
d) Syria

How has the building of dams created problems for countries sharing rivers in Southwest Asia?
a) Few countries have the technology needed to be able to build dams.
b) Dams are too expensive to build to be practical.
c) Dams limit the water available to countries further downstream.
d) Countries in the Southwest Asia are not allowed to build dams along shared rivers.

What is the largest country on the Arabian Peninsula.
a) Saudi Arabia
b) Turkey
c) Iran
d) Kuwait

How has the use of chemical fertilizers affected water supplies in many countries in Southwest Asia?
a) Chemical fertilizers have had very little effect on local water supplies in Southwest Asia.
b) Water supplies have been contaminated by the chemicals through runoff from the fields.
c) Enormous amounts of water must be used to produce chemical fertilizers.
d) Use of chemical fertilizers means crops must be watered constantly.

One of the largest countries in the region, mountainous, and has a coast line on the Persian Gulf and the Arabian Sea.
a) Afghanistan
b) Kuwait
c) Turkey
d) Iran

A landlocked country in the far eastern edge of the Middle East region.
a) Afghanistan
b) Iraq
c) Israel
d) Turkey

Which bodies of water are connected by the Suez Canal?
a) the Red Sea and the Arabian Sea
b) the Persian Gulf and the Arabian Sea
c) the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea
d) the Mediterranean Sea and the Persian Gulf

Which river do Syria, Israel, and Jordan share?
a) Nile
b) Tigris
c) Jordan
d) Euphrates

Which bodies of water are connected by the Strait of Hormuz?
a) the Red Sea and the Arabian Sea
b) the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea
c) the Persian Gulf and the Arabian Sea
d) the Mediterranean Sea and the Persian Gulf

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