General Science, Chapter 1: Question Preview (ID: 32265)

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How many experiments are needed to disprove a scientific hypothesis?
a) just 1
b) at least 5
c) 2
d) 10

True or False: The scientific method is the only way to find the answers to a question.
a) true
b) false

A scientific hypothesis is an educated guess that...
a) can be tested
b) is correct
c) has no test
d) all of the above

Which of these does NOT describe science?
a) Science is an organized body of knowledge about nature.
b) Science is a method for exploring nature.
c) Science is a tool for problem solving.
d) Science is capable of explaining the supernatural.

True or False: An orderly method for gaining, organizing, and applying new knowledge is called the scientific method.
a) true
b) false

While science asks HOW, religion asks
a) whom
b) where
c) why
d) when

True or False: Equations should be used as guides to improve our understanding of science.
a) true
b) false

Something that competent observers can agree is true is known as a
a) fact
b) theory
c) law
d) hypothesis

True or False: Theories never change.
a) true
b) false

Which culture is credited with founding the basic principles of science?
a) Chinese
b) Romans
c) Greeks
d) Islamic

Which of the following is a scientific hypothesis?
a) Illinois is a better state than Louisiana.
b) Scientists will never be able to detect every planet.
c) My chickens lay more eggs when I give them laying pellets in addition to their corn.
d) Which works best at cleaning my floors, Pledge Floor Cleaner or Mr. Clean?

The means of solving practical problems by applying the findings of science is called
a) science
b) technology
c) laws
d) claims

True or False: We should not study integrated science because the world keeps the different sciences separated.
a) true
b) false

An experiment in which one variable is tested at a time is called a
a) controlled experiment
b) variable experiment
c) hypothesis
d) integrated experiment

The study of the 5 basic natural sciences and the ways they overlap is called
a) biological sciences
b) Earth science
c) physical science
d) integrated science

Who disproved Aristotle's idea that mass affects gravity?
a) Francis Bacon
b) Archimedes
c) Michelangelo
d) Galileo

In order for an experiment's results to be valid, they must be
a) what the scientist predicted would happen.
b) reproducible.
c) tested by a member of the National Science Association.
d) performed by designated scientists at major universities.

A theory or practice that is considered to be without scientific foundation but claims to use the methods of science is called
a) false logic
b) critical thinking
c) pseudoscience
d) astronomy

A scientific hypothesis that has been tested over and over again and has not been disproven is called a
a) theory
b) law
c) fact
d) hypothesis

A collection of facts and well-tested hypotheses is called a
a) theory
b) law
c) hypothesis
d) fact

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