Earthquake And Volcano Terms Review: Question Preview (ID: 30365)


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This force causes rocks on either side of a fault to slide past each other
a) tension
b) compression
c) shearing
d)

Seismic waves from earthquakes are measured with an instrument known as a _______.
a) seismograph
b) barometer
c) wave reader
d) thermometer

The point where the energy release first occurs
a) focus
b) epicenter
c) shake zone
d) seismic zone

The energy released from an earthquake is known as
a) strength
b) magnitude
c) potency
d) liquefaction

The point on the Earth's surface that is directly above the earthquake focus
a) focal point
b) epicenter
c) hot spot
d) shake zone

Ocean waves caused by earthquakes are known as _________
a) hurricanes
b) tsunamis
c) really big waves
d) tidal waves

When an earthquake cause soil to act more like a liquid, this is known as _______
a) magnitude
b) potency
c) landslide
d) liquefaction

____ move rock particles in a backward, rolling motion and a side-to-side, swaying motion.
a) earthquakes
b) surface waves
c) primary waves
d) secondary waves

This type of wave is a transverse wave
a) primary
b) secondary
c) surface
d)

This wave can only move through solid rock
a) primary
b) secondary
c) surface
d)

This wave is a longitudinal wave
a) primary
b) secondary
c) surface
d)

This wave can move through solid and liquid layers of Earth
a) primary
b) secondary
c) surface
d)

What kind of fault is caused by shearing?
a) strike-slip
b) reverse
c) normal
d)

This is the fastest of the 3 waves
a) primary waves
b) secondary waves
c) surface waves
d)

What kind of fault is caused by compression?
a) strike-slip
b) reverse
c) normal
d)

What kind of fault is caused by tension?
a) strike-slip
b) reverse
c) normal
d)

An earthquake is caused by stress along a _____.
a) mountain
b) drain
c) fault
d) boundary

Shaking that results when rocks move inside the Earth
a) volcano
b) earthquake
c) shakers
d) trimmers

Like the waves traveling through a rope, _______ waves are generated by an earthquake traveling through Earth
a) seismic
b) surface
c) primary
d) secondary

This force pulls rocks apart...
a) tension
b) compression
c) compaction
d)

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