Government Chapter 15: Question Preview (ID: 30265)


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Which type of case involves a government accusing a person of violating a statute or ordinance?
a) civil case
b) criminal case
c) judicial case
d) tort case

In a criminal case, what does a judge do?
a) sentencing
b) verdict
c) indictment
d) award

In a criminal case, what does a jury do?
a) sentencing
b) award
c) verdict
d) indictment

In a civil case, what does a judge do?
a) award
b) verdict
c) sentencing
d) indictment

Who accuses a person of wrongdoing in a civil case?
a) defendant
b) defense
c) prosecution
d) plaintiff

Which side represents the government in a criminal case?
a) defense
b) prosecution
c) defendant
d) plaintiff

What is the term for a wrongful act? (it is the basis for most civil cases)
a) tort
b) injunction
c) indictment
d) plea bargain

Which side in a criminal case features the person accused of a crime?
a) plaintiff
b) prosecution
c) excise
d) defense

Who issues indictments?
a) jury (petit jury)
b) judge
c) grand jury
d) plaintiff

What is the medium level of crime like disorderly conduct or minor theft?
a) misdemeanor
b) felony
c) petty offense
d) tort

What are laws passed by state or federal legislatures called?
a) ordinances
b) torts
c) statutes
d) injunctions

Which case prevents police from using illegally obtained evidence against you in court?
a) Mapp v. Ohio
b) Gideon v. Wainwright
c) Miranda v. Arizona
d) New Jersey v. T.L.O.

Which case requires the police to remind you of your 5th amendment rights at the time of arrest?
a) Mapp v. Ohio
b) Miranda v. Arizona
c) New Jersey v. T.L.O.
d) Gideon v. Wainwright

Which case requires the government to provide a lawyer for all accused persons in criminal cases even if they cannot afford one?
a) Miranda v. Arizona
b) Mapp v. Ohio
c) New Jersey v. T.L.O.
d) Gideon v. Wainwright

Which case allows schools to search lockers and bags of students?
a) Miranda v. Arizona
b) Gideon v. Wainwright
c) Mapp v. Ohio
d) New Jersey v. T.L.O.

Which amendment guarantees the right to a speedy trial in a criminal case?
a) 6th
b) 5th
c) 4th
d) 8th

Which amendment guarantees the right to a grand jury in a criminal case?
a) 5th
b) 4th
c) 6th
d) 8th

Which amendment protects against illegal search and seizure?
a) 5th
b) 6th
c) 4th
d) 8th

Which amendment protects against excessive punishment and excessive bail?
a) 8th
b) 4th
c) 5th
d) 6th

Which amendment protects against double jeopardy and self incrimination?
a) 5th
b) 6th
c) 8th
d) 4th

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