EH Investigations 5-8: Question Preview (ID: 28107)

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Which statement is the best description of a process that happens in the rock cycle?
a) Rocks on old mountains are weathered while mountain building and volcanoes form new mountains.
b) Once formed, rocks stay in place until rocks above them are weathered away and they reach the surface.
c) As sedimentary rocks are buried deep below other rocks, they are changed by heat and pressure.
d) Younger sedimentary rocks are always deposited on top of older metamorphic or igneous rocks.

Igneous rocks are formed _____
a) by the action of high pressure on existing rock.
b) under the sea from shells of sea creatures.
c) when magma cools.
d) when seas evaporate.

Index fossils allow geologists to _____
a) match rocks of the same age in different regions.
b) determine the exact age of rocks.
c) identify organisms that did not leave fossil evidence behind.
d) determine why some organisms became extinct.

Which of the following events took place first in Earth's history?
a) Dinosaurs go extinct.
b) Bacteria-like organisms form.
c) First reptiles.
d) First land plants.

What can you infer from the fact that tectonic plates are always moving around?
a) New volcanoes form every few years.
b) The shape, location and structure of Earth's continents have changed dramatically over time.
c) Tectonic probably caused the last Ice Age.
d) Earthquakes will continue long after hurricanes and tsunamis.

Which is the correct layering of Earth, from the inside to the outside?
a) inner core, outer core, mantle, crust.
b) inner core, mantle, crust, outer core.
c) crust, mantle, inner core, outer core.
d) mantle, outer crust, inner crust, core.

A subduction zone occurs when ...
a) two plates move apart from each other.
b) two plates slide past one another.
c) both plates go into the air.
d) an oceanic plate goes beneath a continental plate.

The process occurring in the mantle that is thought to be the mechanisms that moves plate tectonics is _____
a) a divergent boundary.
b) a plate boundary.
c) a convection current.
d) a normal fault.

Which best explains why fossils of the same species of a reptile were discovered in South America and in West Africa?
a) The reptiles evolved in both S. America and Africa
b) The continents of S. America and Africa were once joined.
c) Land bridges connected the continents of S. America and Africa.
d) The reptiles could swim the distance between S. America and Africa.

Plate boundaries are located _____
a) only in oceanic lithosphere.
b) only in continental lithosphere.
c) in oceanic and continental lithosphere.
d) in lithosphere without seismic hazards.

Earthquakes and volcanic activity occur along the Pacific Rim of Fire. Which of the following best explains why?
a) It is located in the center of a tectonic plate.
b) It is located at the boundaries of tectonic plates.
c) It is located where the major ocean currents meet.
d) It is located where ocean temperature is highest.

Which is the best evidence that two continents were once connected?
a) They have similar types of rocks and fossils.
b) They are in the same stage of succession.
c) They exist along the same line of latitude.
d) They have the same climate.

Based on the law of Superposition, what can be concluded about fossils?
a) Fossils give clues about past climate patterns.
b) Fossils form from the hard parts of organisms.
c) The oldest fossils are found in the lowest rock layers.
d) The most recent fossils were advanced organisms.

At a convergent plate boundary, tectonic plates are ...
a) Doing nothing.
b) Both sinking.
c) Spreading apart.
d) Crashing together.

New landforms will form closest to ...
a) all the way at the end of the plates.
b) the action of the plate movement.
c) anywhere in the middle of the plate.
d) new landforms never form.

Which plate boundary results in mountain building?
a) convergent
b) divergent
c) transform
d) none of the above

The presence of brachiopod and coral fossils makes you think that the _____
a) fossils came from a different region before the rock materials turned to stone.
b) ancient animals could live in stone.
c) rock layer was originally part of an ocean bottom.
d) rock is now in a desert region.

Two plates pulling apart, with new Earth material forming in the middle, is called _____
a) a convergent boundary.
b) a divergent boundary.
c) a transform boundary.
d) none of the above.

If fossils of fish and sea shells are found in an area that is now desert, we might assume that _____
a) fish could breathe air at one time in their history.
b) sea shells could live on land millions of years ago.
c) the area in which the fossils were found was once covered with water.
d) wind erosion carried the fossils to the desert.

Index fossils have usually formed from organisms that had a _____
a) wide geographic distribution and existed for only a short time.
b) narrow geographic distribution and existed for only a short time.
c) wide geographic distribution and existed for a long time.
d) narrow geographic distribution and existed for a long time.

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