Chapter 8 South America Today Review Questions Part I Question Preview (ID: 27935)

South America.[print questions]

What became the main religion in South America during the colonial period?
a) Protestantism
b) Roman Catholicism
c) Buddhism
d) Hinduism

How many languages are spoken in South America, today?
a) 4
b) 50
c) 100+
d) 500+

What did the land extending from Mexico through South America become known as during the 1800s?
a) South America
b) Middle America
c) Spanish America
d) Latin America

What are the two predominant, or main languages in South America?
a) Spanish and Portuguese
b) Spanish and English
c) Portuguese and Italian
d) French and italian

Which indigenous group is the main indigenous group in Paraguay?
a) Aymara
b) Quechua
c) Guarani
d) Munduruku

Which indigenous group’s ancestors farmed, hunted, and fished in the rain forest, and how do they adapt to the modern world?
a) Aymara
b) Quechua
c) Guarani
d) Munduruku

Which indigenous group live in the Andes of Peru, Ecuador, and Bolivia whose religious practices are a blend of Catholicism and native beliefs?
a) Aymara
b) Quechua
c) Guarani
d) Munduruku

Which indigenous group lives in the Andes of Peru and Bolivia, still speak their native language, and continue to herd llamas and alpacas and grow crops such as potatoes and quinoa?
a) Aymara
b) Quechua
c) Guarani
d) Munduruku

How did the arrival of the Spanish, the Portuguese, and other Europeans during the colonial period change life for indigenous people in South America?
a) they traded with the native people
b) disease and warfare decreased native populations
c) Europeans adapted to the natives' languages and cultures
d) Europeans taught native peoples how to read and write

Which of the following is NOT a way that Bachelet has helped Chile since her election?
a) ease poverty
b) expand social reforms
c) used profits from copper exports to create new employment opportunities
d) waged successful military campaigns against neighboring countries

Who was the first woman to be elected as president of Chile in 2006?
a) Alexandra Toledo
b) Michelle Bachelet Jeria
c) Cassandra de Janeiro
d) Bonita Julian

Which of the following is NOT one of the three largest indigenous groups in South America, today?
a) Aymara
b) Quechua
c) Guarani
d) Munduruku

Which of the following is a popular pastime in South America?
a) playing futbol
b) baseball
c) Broadway musicals
d) table tennis

Public education is only provided in the South American countries of Brazil, Chile, and Argentina.
a) True
b) False

Argentina has a constitutional government and it has one of the strongest economies in South America.
a) True
b) False

Who type of people have many of Peru's leaders favored?
a) the poor
b) indigenous people
c) wealthy landowners
d) women

Who is Alejandro Toledo?
a) Peru's first Quechua president
b) the dictator of Chile
c) the first indigenous president of Brazil
d) the king of Chile

What did the election of Alejandro Toledo demonstrate?
a) that dictators would always run the country of Peru
b) Peru's government could represent all of its citizens
c) Peru would always have democratically elected presidents
d) Peru's leaders would only support the wealthy landowners

What type of government has Chile mostly been since it declared independence in 1818?
a) dictatorship
b) democratic republic
c) socialist
d) communist

Who was the the ruthless dictator that ruled Chile from 1973 to 1990?
a) Alejandro Toledo
b) Michelle Bachelet Jeria
c) Augusto Pinochet
d) Salvador Sincere

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