Ocean Currents And Climate #2 Question Preview (ID: 27553)

Wind And Ocean Currents And How They Affect Climate.[print questions]

Wind is considered a renewable resource because the energy that drives the wind originally comes from
a) rain.
b) the sun.
c) the ocean.
d) oxygen.

Temperatures over the land at night are lower than those over the water. Which event is caused by this temperature difference?
a) flooding
b) sea breeze
c) land breeze
d) deep water currents

What is it called when warm air rises over the land and wind from the sea moves in to take its place?
a) mountain breeze
b) land breeze
c) valley breeze
d) sea breeze

When does the land heat faster than the surface of the sea?
a) durring the day
b) at night
c) in the summer
d) in the winter

Convection is the transfer of energy
a) by the circulation of gases or liquids.
b) as electromagnetic waves.
c) as heat through a material.
d) to the atmosphere.

Most solar energy that reaches Earth’s atmosphere is
a) absorbed by Earth's surface.
b) reflected by Earth's surface.
c) scattered by clouds.
d) absorbed by clouds, ozone, and gasses.

Which of these BEST explains the cause of convection currents in Earth’s atmosphere?
a) Heat from Earth’s core heats the land only at the equator.
b) Glaciers moving away from the poles cool Earth unevenly..
c) Sunlight is more concentrated in some places on Earth than others.
d) The light and heat reflected from the Moon varies as the Moon chnages phases.

Which of these MOST likely causes winds to blow on Earth?
a) Earth spins quickly, causing air to blow around.
b) The gravity of Earth and the Moon push and pull the air.
c) Warm air rises and cool air falls toward Earth's surface.
d) Ocean waves push air onto the shore and across Earth's surface.

When moist air from the ocean moves toward a mountain slope the climate is MOST likely has
a) dryer weather on the ocean side
b) more frequent rainfall on the ocean side
c) high winds and clear skies on the ocean side
d) extreme cold and low humidity on the ocean side

In the Northern Hemisphere, winds traveling north appear to curve to the east because of the
a) trade winds.
b) convection currents.
c) Coriolis effect.
d) polar easterlies.

As warm air rises on the ocean sid of a mountain what are the likely weather conditions on the opposite side?
a) less rain than the ocean side
b) more rain than the ocean side
c) more hurricanes than the ocean side
d) higher average wind speeds than the ocean side

What causes differences in air pressure around the Earth?
a) Warm air rises at the equator and cool air sinks at the poles.
b) Warm air sinks at the equator and cool air rises at the poles.
c) Warm air rises at the equator, and cold air rises at the poles.
d) Cold air rises at the equator, and warm air sinks at the poles.

What causes wind?
a) differences in air pressure
b) differences in gravity
c) differences in oxygen
d) differences in the thermosphere

Which of the following conditions cotribute to creating wind?
a) rotation of Earth on its axis
b) air passing as Earth revolves around the sun
c) gravity differences around Earth
d) temperature differences of air near Earth's surface

Which of the follwing conditions contribute to creating wind
a) rotation of Earth on its axis
b) pressure differences of air near Earth's surface
c) air passing as Earth revolves around the sun
d) gravity differences around Earth

Why does warm air rise and cold air sink?
a) because warm air is less dense than cold air
b) because warm air is denser than cold air
c) because cold air is less dense than warm air
d) because warm air has less pressure than cold air does

By which method does most thermal energy in the atmosphere circulate?
a) conduction
b) convection
c) advection
d) radiation

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