World Civ Unit Two Part One Question Preview (ID: 26835)

Unit Two Test.

Peter the Great increased his powers as an absolute ruler
a) To get revenge against the boyars.
b) To advance his program of westernization.
c) To end the civil war in Russia.
d) To become a tyrannical ruler in Russia.

The new capital, in which thousands of peasants died, commissioned by Peter the Great was
a) Moscow
b) Westphalia
c) Versailles
d) St. Petersburg

The belief that one ruler should have complete control over a country is called
a) encomienda
b) absolutism
c) westernization
d) divinity

The traditional example of seventeenth century absolutism has been the rule of
a) James III
b) Louis XIV
c) Ivan IV
d) Elizabeth II

The palace Louis XIV built atop of his grandfather’s hunting lodge miles away from the capital at Paris, worth over 2 billion dollars today, was called
a) Augsburg
b) Versailles
c) Tordisillas
d) Waterloo

The theory that the earth is the center of the solar system, proposed by Ptolemy, is called
a) Heliocentric theory
b) The scientific method
c) Geocentric theory
d) Pythagorean theorem

The Italian scientist who improved upon the telescope was
a) Giovanni Ribbisi
b) Nicolas Copernicus
c) Galileo Galilei
d) Johannes Kepler

The logical procedure for gathering and testing information based on observation and empirical evidence pioneered by is called
a) The scientific method
b) The heliocentric theory
c) The geocentric theory
d) Natural observation

Which of the following people are most responsible for the development of the scientific method?
a) Nicolas Copernicus
b) Francis Bacon.
c) Johannes Kepler.
d) Isaac Newton.

This person was responsible for the development of the theory of heliocentrism, the idea that the sun was the center of the solar system.
a) Galileo Galilei
b) Ptolemy
c) Nicolas Copernicus
d) Francis Bacon

Which Enlightenment thinker discussed the ideas of natural rights such as life, liberty, and property, and that if the government does not protect the rights of citizens, the citizens can overthrow the government? These ideas would have a major impa
a) John Locke
b) Thomas Hobbes
c) Voltaire
d) Baron de Montesquieu

The Baron de Montesquieu described which of the following ideas that can be seen in the American Constitution?
a) Bill of Rights
b) Separation of powers into three branches of government
c) Judicial review
d) Freedom of speech

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