Enlightenment Review For SLO (SSWH13): Question Preview (ID: 25115)

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Enlightenment thinkers encouraged the improvement of society through the
a) teachings of the church
b) use of reason
c) development of absolutism
d) establishment of a rigid social hierarchy

Enlightenment philosophers challenged the idea of the divine right of kinds. They wrote about a government's obligations to uphold people's rights and how the government should be based on consent. These new ideas encouraged people to
a) remain firm in their support of absolute monarchs
b) look for leaders who would exercise dictatorial powers
c) engage in revolutions to establish democratic governments
d) call for church leaders to create theocracies and replace the monarchies

During the Enlightenment, a number of writers explore the relationship between governments and the people. How did these ideas influence the American and French Revolutions?
a) The encouraged loyalty to established governments.
b) The supported movements for social and political change.
c) The encouraged the formation of American and French constitutional monarchies.
d) The supported the efforts of governments to maintain control over their subjects.

When a country's constitution requires the branches of government to remain independent of each other, it is adhering to the constitutional principle of:
a) popular sovereignty
b) separation of powers
c) feudalism
d) direct democracy

Which astronomer developed the theory that gravity causes objects to fall toward the Earth and holds planets in their orbits?
a) Newton
b) Kepler
c) Copernicus
d) Galileo

The teachings of the Enlightenment (natural rights, separation of powers, political equality) provide the basis for the
a) establishment of democratic government
b) teachings of the Protestant Reformation.
c) calling of the Crusades.
d) development of feudalism.

Which enlightenment philosopher strongly supported freedom of speech and of the press, saying: “I disapprove of what you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it.”
a) Locke
b) Voltaire
c) Rousseau
d) Machiavelli

Which astronomer improved the magnification of telescopes to better observe objects in the sky?
a) Newton
b) Kepler
c) Copernicus
d) Galileo

Which astronomer proposed the earth revolved around the sun and created the heliocentric model?
a) Kepler
b) Newton
c) Copernicus
d) Galileo

Which enlightenment philosopher believed that humans are born with inalienable, natural rights including: life, liberty, and property?
a) Rousseau
b) Voltaire
c) Locke
d) Machiavelli

Which astronomer developed mathematical proof for the heliocentric hypothesis, but explained that the planets moved in elliptical orbits and not in perfect circles?
a) Newton
b) Copernicus
c) Galileo
d) Kepler

Which enlightenment philosopher wrote The Social Contract and believed that people should depend on instinct and emotion and not just reason or logic?
a) Locke
b) Voltaire
c) Rousseau
d) Napoleon

During which period did philosophers apply reason and the scientific method to better understand life?
a) Renaissance
b) Middle Ages
c) Age of Absolutism
d) Enlightenment

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