7th TCAP Review: The Earth (Part 2): Question Preview (ID: 25037)

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Where are non volcanic mountain chains MOST LIKELY to form?
a) at a boundary between two colliding continental plates
b) at a boundary where one oceanic plate slides under another oceanic plate
c) at a boundary where an oceanic plate slides under a continental plate
d) in the middle of a continental plate

Where do midocean ridges form?
a) where two continental plates collide
b) where one oceanic plate slides under another oceanic plate
c) where a continental plate slides under an oceanic plate
d) where two oceanic plates move apart

Where are earthquakes MOST LIKELY to occur?
a) in the middle of a tectonic plate
b) where plates slide past each other
c) where plates pull apart from each other
d) over a hot spot

A hot spot can produce
a) a midocean ridge.
b) a chain of islands.
c) a rift valley.
d) a tectonic plate.

What is a pollutant?
a) any chemical substance
b) a substance that contains nutrients
c) an unwanted substance released into the environment
d) a type of fuel

Which of these may be a cause of global warming?
a) increased carbon dioxide in the atmosphere
b) increased use of wind power
c) decreased use of pesticides
d) decreased carbon dioxide in the atmosphere

Which of these activities is LEAST LIKELY to affect the environment?
a) burning coal, oil, and natural gas
b) using fertilizers
c) using solar power
d) releasing chemicals from a factory

Which of these is a renewable resource?
a) coal
b) aluminum
c) wind
d) oil

Where does sea-floor spreading occur?
a) where two oceanic plates slide past each other
b) where two oceanic plates push together
c) where two continental plates pull apart
d) where two oceanic plates pull apart

Which of Earth's layers is least dense?
a) the crust
b) the outer core
c) the mantle
d) the inner core

The list describes a mineral and its hardness on the Mohs scale. TALC-1, GYPSUM-2, CALCITE-3, FLUORITE-4, APATITE-5, FELDSPAR-6, QUARTZ-7, TOPAZ-8, CORUNDUM-9, DIAMOND-10. Which substances are harder than apatite, but softer than corundum?
a) fluorite and feldspar
b) topaz and feldspar
c) diamond and quartz
d) talc and gypsum

Which measurement BEST describes the rate at which tectonic plates move?
a) 2 kilometers per year
b) 2 meters per year
c) 2 centimeters per year
d) 2 millimeters per year

What kind of rock forms from layers of rock pieces that become pressed and cemented together?
a) sedimentary rock
b) metamorphic rock
c) igneous rock
d) lava rock

Which of these must happen for the sea floor to spread apart?
a) a flood
b) a hurricane
c) plate movement
d) a volcanic eruption

New rock forms from rock that is melted and then cools. What type of rock is most likely formed by this process?
a) sedimentary
b) igneous
c) metamorphic
d) magma

Scientists theorize that the Atlantic Ocean is slowly increasing in width. Which is the best approximation of the rate at which lithospheric plates beneath the Atlantic Ocean are moving?
a) 2 millimeters/year
b) 2 centimeters/year
c) 2 meters/year
d) 2 kilometers/year

Which of these best describes the composition of the inner core of Earth?
a) liquid iron and nickel
b) carbon dioxide and ice
c) quartz and oxygen
d) solid iron and nickel

Which processes can change a metamorphic rock into an igneous rock?
a) weathering and erosion
b) melting and cooling
c) deposition and cementation
d) heat and pressure

The Andes Mountains of South America were gradually formed when the Nazca and South American tectonic plates collided. Which of these caused this collision?
a) convection currents in Earth’s mantle
b) volcanic activity in the Earth's crust
c) movement of material within Earth's core
d) changes in Earth's magnetic field

Which layer of Earth is composed mostly of liquid water and different types of rock crystals such as quartz?
a) crust
b) mantle
c) inner core
d) outer core

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