Q2 Exam Review Game Part 1: Question Preview (ID: 22441)

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Before the Enlightenment, what was the primary source of knowledge for all people?
a) The Encyclopaedia
b) The Church
c) The King
d) Many different books

Which is these is NOT a main steps of the Scientific Method?
a) Ask a question
b) Analyze data and draw a conclusion
c) Construct Hypothesis by doing an experiment
d) Retest your results several times

Who put forth the Heliocentric Theory?
a) Copernicus
b) Galileo
c) Plato
d) Newton

What happened after Galileo faced the Roman Inquisition?
a) Declared his and other new findings were wrong and was placed in house arrest for the rest of his life.
b) Continued to fight for his beliefs
c) Declared his findings wrong and was set free
d) He did not accept the terms of the inquisition and was killed

This philosopher believed that people were naturally greedy and must be controlled by a strong government (such as an absolute monarch).
a) Hobbes
b) Rousseau
c) Montesquieu
d) Locke

This philosopher believed that power should be divided amongst leaders.
a) Hobbes
b) Rousseau
c) Montesquieu
d) Locke

Believed that people were born with natural rights that could not be taken away by government
a) Hobbes
b) Voltaire
c) Locke
d) Rousseau

Wrote the encyclopaedia
a) Diderot
b) Hobbes
c) Richardson
d) Locke

Says that the Earth is the center of the universe
a) Geocentric
b) Heliocentric
c) Gravity
d) Empirism

Writers of the Enlightenment were primarily interested in
a) debating the role of the church in society
b) promoting increased power for European monarch
c) supporting the divine right theory
d) changing the relationship between people and their government

John Locke and Jean Jacques Rousseau would be most likely to support
a) a return to feudalism in Europe
b) a government ruled by a divine right monarchy
c) a society ruled by the Catholic Church
d) a society in which the people chose the ruler

During the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment, one similarity in the work of many scientists and philosophers was that they
a) relied heavily on the ideas of medieval thinkers
b) favored an absolute monarchy as a way of improving economic conditions
c) received support from the Catholic Churc
d) examined natural laws governing the universe

The writers and philosophers of the Enlightenment believed the government decisions should be based on
a) fundamental religious beliefs
b) traditional values
c) laws of nature and reason
d) the concept of divine right of kings

Which of the following is known for discovering that the orbits of the planets were elliptical, not circular?
a) Kepler
b) Galileo
c) Newton
d) Vesalius

Which of the following was the only absolute despot (monarch) who wholeheartedly embraced the ideas and reforms of the Enlightenment. (The ruler failed by implementing reform to quickly)
a) Frederick the Great
b) Catherine the Great
c) Joseph II
d) Maria Teresa

A new way for viewing the natural world – based on observation and inquiry.
a) Scientific Revolution
b) Enlightenment
c) Scientific Method
d) Experiment

Developed Empirism (the experimental method) you must draw conclusions from experiments.
a) Descartes
b) Bacon
c) Kepler
d) Copernicus

Considered the Anti Enlightenment
a) Montesquieu
b) Rousseau
c) Locke
d) Hobbes

Which of the following did NOT help spread the enlightenment ideas?
a) Pamphlets
b) Salons
c) Enyclopedia
d) Church

Which of the following is NOT a baroque composer?
a) Bach
b) Handel
c) Vivaldi
d) Mozart

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