Winds (7.E.1.5): Question Preview (ID: 20810)


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What is wind?
a) the vertical movement of air from an area of high pressure to an area of lower pressure.
b) the horizontal movement of air from an area of high pressure to an area of lower pressure.
c) the horizontal movement of air from an area of low pressure to an area of high pressure.
d) the vertical movement of air from an area of low pressure to an area of high pressure.

a horizontal movement of ocean water that occurs near or at the surface of the ocean
a) Surface Ocean Currents
b) Wind
c) Jet stream
d)

Ocean currents, prevailing wind patterns, and other atmospheric disturbances are initially caused by which of these?
a) differences in the cycles of the Moon
b) gravitational pull of the Earth
c) incoming solar radiation from the Sun
d) ozone layer depletion

Which of these most likely causes winds to blow on Earth?
a) The Earth spins quickly, causing the air to blow around.
b) The gravity of Earth and the Moon push and pull the air.
c) Warm air rises and cool air falls toward Earth’s surface.
d) Ocean waves push air onto the shore and across Earth’s surface.

The Coriolis Effect changes wind direction. How does this process impact global winds
a) The winds curve to the right in the Northern Hemisphere and to the left in the Southern Hemisphere.
b) The winds curve to the left in the Northern Hemisphere and to the right in the Southern Hemisphere.
c) The wind curves to the left in both hemispheres.
d) The wind curves to the right in both hemispheres.

Which of the following are narrow belts of strong winds found in the upper troposphere?
a) doldrums
b) westerlies
c) trade winds
d) jet streams

Air in the atmosphere is heated unevenly by the sun, causing
a) cloud formation
b) wind
c) condensation
d) volcanic activity

The upward movement of warm air and the downward movement of cool air form ________
a) conduction currents
b) convection currents
c) radiation currents
d) condensation currents

What are local winds?
a) winds that blow over a short distance
b) winds that blow over a longer
c)
d)

wind that blows from land to the lake/ocean
a) land breeze
b) sea breeze
c)
d)

wind that blows from an ocean or lake onto land
a) sea breeze
b) land breeze
c) wind-chill
d) wind belt

a wind that blows over a long distance; occurs between the poles and equators
a) local wind
b) global wind
c)
d)

The way Earth's rotation makes winds curve
a) Coriolis Effect
b) Greenhouse Effect
c)
d)

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