Ch 10 Review: Question Preview (ID: 18466)

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In comparison to Byzantium, the Latin West before 1000 c.E.
a) was more politically unified.
b) had a Christian church more firmly under the control of political authorities.
c) possessed no city that could compare to the splendor of Constantinople.
d) was more integrated into the Silk Roads.

Which of the following was NOT a factor that left the western part of the Roman Empire more vulnerable to collapse than the eastern half at the end of the fourth century c.E.?
a) The western portion was if anything wealthier than the eastern portion, but squandered its resources foolishly.
b) The western portion possessed a much less easily defended capital.
c) The western portion had a longer frontier to defend than the eastern portion.
d) The western portion possessed a weaker army and navy.

In the seventh century c.E., the Byzantine Empire lost large swaths of its territory along the coast of North Africa and the Eastern Mediterranean to
a) a resurgent Persian Empire.
b) Arab forces.
c) Western crusaders.
d) the Ottoman Turks.

The Byzantine Empire
a) fell along with the Persian Empire to Arab forces in the eighth century.
b) transmitted ancient Greek learning to both western Europe and the Islamic world.
c) produced few products with which to trade along the Silk Roads.
d) was able to bring the eastern and western branches of the Christian Church back together under its leadership.

The Byzantine state
a) touched more on the lives of its subjects than the government of any other region of the world
b) was ruled over by a an emperor who claimed to be God’s earthly representative
c) possessed an imperial court where outward grandeur was frowned upon and court ceremony kept to a minimum.

After 500 c.E. the Byzantine Empire was substantially weakened by invasions by all EXCEPT which of the following?
a) Arabs
b) Crusaders
c) Vikings
d) Turks

Which of the following was a feature of Byzantine society adopted by the Rus?
a) Roman Catholic faith
b) The Greek language
c) Political ideas concerning imperial control of the church
d) All of the above

In Western Europe after the collapse of the Roman Empire in 476 c.E.,
a) only Rome was able to maintain its population at nearly a million.
b) outside Italy, long-distance trade largely vanished.
c) more land came under cultivation than at the height of the Roman Empire.
d) Odoacer rapidly restored large-scale centralized rule.

Even after the collapse of the Roman Empire, much that was classical or Roman persisted in Western Europe because
a) the Germanic peoples who conquered the region had already been substantially Romanized before their conquests.
b) despite the Germans bringing their own culture with them, the prestige of things Roman remained high.
c) some ambitious Germanic leaders hoped to reconstruct the Roman Empire under their own rule.
d) all of the above.

a) was the term commonly used for Christian slaves in Western Europe.
b) could be arbitrarily thrown off their land by their masters.
c) were the personal property of their masters and because of this were not allowed to live in family units.
d) none of the above.

With regard to the conversion of Western Europe to Christianity,
a) Pope Gregory succeeded in converting numerous peoples only after he ordered missionaries to destroy pagan temples
b) theChurch was willing to accommodate a large range of cultural practices, by absorbing them into emerging Christian tradition
c) the Church pursued a bottom-up strategy, converting the people before they sought to convert their rulers.
d) the Church and their allies among Christian rulers never used coercion to convert communities

Which of the following was NOT a similarity between the establishment of Buddhism in China and Christianity in Western Europe?
a) Both the Buddhist and Christian establishments built hierarchies modeled on their respective empires.
b) Reformers often accused both Buddhist and Christian establishments of forgetting their central spiritual missions.
c) Both Buddhism and Christianity appealed to recently settled nomadic rulers who sought legitimacy for their rule.
d) Both Buddhist and Christian monasteries offered relative freedom from male control for substantial numbers of women.

A feature of the High Middle Ages in Western Europe was
a) a. population growth.
b) b. reemergence of political unity as popes started to take the additional title “Holy Roman Emperor.”
c) c. considerable growth in long-distance trade.
d) both a and c.

With regard to women, the growth of cities in Western Europe after 1000
a) led at first to women losing the right to practice traditional professions, although from the 1300s they regained their right
b) at first allowed women to participate in many professions, although by the fifteenth century opportunities were declining.
c) led to technological innovations that gave women greater opportunities than in the past.
d) led essentially to conditions of gender equality.

Which of the following was a long-term impact of the crusades?
a) The crusades weakened significantly the influence of Turkic-speaking peoples in the Islamic world.
b) The crusades led to Western Christendom conquering the Muslim regions of the Iberian Peninsula.
c) Animosity from the crusades ended the flow of Muslim learning into Europe.
d) The large-scale conversion of Middle Eastern peoples to Christianity occurred.

In the long term, the crusading movement by Western Europeans
a) disrupted channels of trade because animosity between Christians and Muslims effectively ended trade between these two
b) brought the Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic Christian churches closer together as they united to struggle against islam
c) was used by Europeans to rationalize later empire building.
d) all of the above

A good example of Europeans building on rather than just borrowing technologies from other civilizations is
a) the compass.
b) gunpowder cannon.
c) paper-making.
d) none of the above.

When scholars refer to Western Europe as a “hybrid civilization,” they are referring to the combination, after the collapse of the Roman Empire, of elements of
a) Byzantine and Slavic cultures to produce a new civilization.
b) classical Roman, Germanic, and Celtic cultures to produce a new civilization.
c) Slavic and Germanic cultures to produce a new civilization.
d) Byzantine and Celtic cultures to produce a new civilization.

The political culture of post-Roman Western Europe possessed all EXCEPT which of the following?
a) A church more independent from the state than was the case in the Byzantine Empire
b) A more powerful and centralized political structure than China
c) A complete lack of politically independent cities
d) Political authority exercised exclusively by the Pope

In Western Europe, the multicentered political system made up of competing states and a three-way struggle for power within states between kings, warrior aristocrats, and Church leaders resulted in
a) the achievement of an unusual independence for urban-based merchants.
b) the Roman Catholic Church losing its political authority as Western rulers developed their own version of caesaropapism.
c) a slowing in technological development, because of the devastation of war.
d) all of the above.

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