EDU 1010 Chapter Eight - School Law: Ethical And Legal Influences On Teaching: Question Preview (ID: 18315)

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Which of the following is the best description of the law commonly known as the Buckley Amendment?
a) A legal act that prevents the teaching of biblical descriptions of the creation of humanity in public schools
b) A legal act that prevents teachers from being terminated without access to due process
c) A legal act that makes school records more open and accessible to parents
d) A legal act that prevents students from being expelled without due process

Some parents on the school advisory council believe that individual student prayer should be allowed in the cafeteria believing that expressions of religious belief promotes a positive moral climate. What conclusion follows legal precedent?
a) Prayer is allowed if the prayer is approved by a school administrator.
b) Prayer is allowed if it is generic (isn’t associated with a specific religion).
c) Prayer is allowed if it is initiated by a student and doesn’t interfere with other students or the functioning of the school.
d) Prayer will not be allowed under any circumstances.

A student in one of your classes asks you if she and some her friends can use your classroom for Christian bible study before school. You’re not sure if this is a violation of the principle of separation of church and state. What is the legal right?
a) The study group won't be allowed to meet on the school campus since it's associated with a particular religious organization
b) Schools must allow all extracurricular organizations to use their facilities, including religious groups so they are allowed.
c) It won't be able to meet because of the possibility of undesirable groups, such as the Aryan Nation, asking the same request.
d) The study group will not be allowed to meet, since religious symbols (such as the bible) are not allowed in schools.

As a first-year teacher, you went to a weekend party, had a bit too much to drink, and were picked up and convicted for “driving under the influence.” With respect to your teaching job, of the following, which is the most valid conclusion?
a) The incident has no professional implications for you as a teacher, since it occurred outside of normal working hours.
b) The incident has no legal implications for you as a teacher, but you may be reprimanded for violation of professional ethics.
c) Description of the incident is placed in your permanent record and a second incident will result in a letter of reprimand.
d) The Incident may result in dismissal since teachers are legally and ethically responsible for being role models for students.

Of the following, what is the most important factor in determining court decisions about teachers’ private behavior?
a) Context. Is the behavior consistent with the norms of behavior for the community in which the teacher works?
b) Notoriety. Is the teacher’s behavior well-known and controversial?
c) Leadership. Does the school leadership condone or condemn the behavior?
d) Religion. Does the teacher’s behavior violate the prevailing religious beliefs for community in which the teacher works?

You want to tape a television program for use in your classroom. Which of the following statements best describes the copyright restriction in this case?
a) You may copy and show the program as many times as you want, since television programs are not subject to copyright laws.
b) You may copy the program if given written permission by the network or independent station that airs the program.
c) You may copy the program and show it twice, but it must be erased within 45 days.
d) You may not legally copy any television program (even though many people do).

A principle requiring teachers to use the same judgment and care as parents in protecting children under their supervision is best identified as:
a) a code of ethics.
b) academic freedom.
c) unconditional positive regard.
d) in loco parentis.

For which of the following may a new teacher NOT be legally dismissed?
a) Incompetence or overstaffing
b) Dishonesty in a job application
c) Controversial political views
d) Reduced student enrollments

Teachers’ rights to choose content and teaching methods based on their professional judgment is best described as:
a) due process.
b) tenure.
c) freedom of speech.
d) academic freedom.

Policies that specify limitations on the use of print, video, and software materials are best described as:
a) copyright laws.
b) fair use guidelines.
c) academic principles.
d) academic freedom.

A process designed to ensure that teachers are competent and morally fit to work with youth is best described as:
a) ethical endorsement.
b) validation.
c) accountability.
d) licensure.

A legal agreement between a teacher and a local school board is best described as:
a) teacher licensure.
b) a teaching contract.
c) a code of ethics.
d) a high-stakes test.

Which of the following is the best description of teacher tenure?
a) Protection from dismissal without cause and without observing due process
b) Promotion to the rank called tenured teacher after completing three years of experience and earning an advanced degree
c) Protection from dismissal except in cases of overstaffing or reduced student enrollments
d) Protection from dismissal except in cases of “riffing” (reduction in force)

Which of the following best illustrates a legal influence on you as a teacher that is generated by the federal government?
a) You will be required to have a teaching license before you’re allowed to accept a job as a teacher.
b) You will be a candidate for tenure, most commonly after three years of successful teaching experience.
c) You will be required to use a textbook from a state-adopted list.
d) You will have cultural minorities in your classes, as a result of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

Within limits, your freedom of speech rights are protected by the Constitution. Which amendment protects this right?
a) The 1st Amendment
b) The 4th Amendment
c) The 10th Amendment
d) The 23rd Amendment

The statement, “nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property without due process of law,” is a provision of which of the following amendments to the constitution?
a) The 1st Amendment
b) The 4th Amendment
c) The 10th Amendment
d) The 14th Amendment

You will almost certainly be required to hold a bachelor’s degree to teach, and you may be required to have a major in an academic area, such as math, science, or history. These mandates come from:
a) the federal government.
b) the state in which you hope to teach.
c) the local district in which you hope to teach.
d) the school in which you hope to teach.

Which of the following is the best definition of ethics?
a) Legal mandates that specify acceptable conduct for classroom teachers
b) Constitutional amendments that provide standards for moral behavior
c) School district guidelines that outline teachers’ responsibilities
d) Principles used to decide whether or not acts are right or wrong

You realize that both your legal rights and responsibilities and codes of ethics are limited because they provide only general guidelines for teaching. What's the most effective process you can use to accommodate the general nature of Laws and ethics
a) Know as many of the laws that apply to education as possible and keep your code of ethics handy as a reference.
b) In cases involving decision making, contact a supervisor, a grade-level chairperson, department head, or assistant principal
c) Develop a well-defined personal philosophy that will guide your specific decisions in your day-to-day work as a professional.
d) Create a relationship with another teacher who can be your confidant and mentor to help you with your day-to-day decisions

Of the following, which best describes laws that regulate the rights and responsibilities of teachers?
a) They are purposely written in general terms so they can be applied to a variety of specific situations.
b) They are written in very specific terms with the intent of avoiding misinterpretation.
c) The laws are both specific and general terms depending on if they are about teachers' responsibilities toward students or not
d) Laws regulating the professional preparation of teachers are very specific, and all other laws are described in general terms

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