Holland Benchmark 3: Question Preview (ID: 17933)

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Ferns grow in tropical areas. Fossils have been found in Northern part of North America, where it is cold. What does this evidence suggest?
a) The ferns could grow in cold weather
b) That part of North America used to be warmer.
c) North America has an underground forrest
d) The ferns adapted to the climate change.

What did Darwin observe with the Finches on the Galapagos Islands?
a) The finches formed beaks to eat from flowers
b) The finches mated with sea gulls
c) Their beaks matched the food sources available on the island.
d) The finches decided to change their beaks.

If yellow is dominant in a butterlfy population. What do you think will think would happen to the butterflies in a light enviroment with no predators?
a) They will become black and yellow
b) They would become dark colored
c) The population would fly faster
d) There would be more yellow colored butterflies than dark.

Natural selection leads to...
a) No change in species
b) Evolution
c) Change in climate
d) Pangaea

Why did the wooly mammoth go extinct?
a) The ozone disappeared
b) A volcano erupted
c) They evolved into whales
d) The climate got too warm- they couldn't adapt.

After the dinosaurs went extinct...
a) All life died as well
b) Life was only in the ocean
c) The continents split apart
d) new enviroments formed allowing mammals to populate.

What can lead to extinction?
a) Being in competition with another species over a food source.
b) Geographic Isolation
c) Predator eats the babies.
d) Storm kills a small portion of the population.

How do scientist determine how species are related?
a) Compare homologous structures.
b) The fossil record.
c) Comparing DNA
d) All of the above

Why is overproduction important to natural selection?
a) New offspring make a new species.
b) Leads to competition in the offspring, so only the best fit survive.
c) They all become extinct.
d) Overproduction and competition do not relate.

What is an example of scientific theory?
a) evolution
b) fossil formation
c) variation
d) anatomy

What is an example of genetic variation?
a) All the foxes being the same color.
b) The foxes beign a red color in a snow enviroment.
c) Some foxes being red while others are black, gray, and white
d) The fox is in the same family as the wolf.

The peppered moths use the blend in with the tress. When the tree became blakened by a fire. What would happen to the peppered colored moths?
a) They would die because they do not have variation.
b) They would hide on the brown dirt.
c) They would mate with a new species.
d) They would roll around in ash to become black.

What is NOT a factor of natural selection?
a) Overproduction
b) Variation
c) Competition for resources
d) Fossil Records

Which population would be MORE likely to survive?
a) A population with no variation
b) A population with a lot of variation
c) A population with some variation
d) Population and variation have no relationship

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