Earth Systems Test: Question Preview (ID: 17915)

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Compation and ementation of sediments make what type of rock
a) Igenous
b) Sedimentary
c) Metamorphic
d) None of the Above

Where is sedimentary rock most likely found?
a) On the tops of mountains
b) On the bottom of the ocean
c) Under a Tree
d) None of the Above

Which processes must occur to change a metamorphic rock into an igneous rock?
a) weathering and erosion
b) sedimentation and cementation
c) melting and cooling
d) All of the above

Which best describes one way igneous rocks form?
a) Sedimentary rocks erode
b) Metamorphic rocks are melted, then cooled.
c) Metamorphic rocks are deposited and cemented.

Which rock should the student classify as an igneous rock?
a) A smooth, glassy rock with sharp edges
b) A rock with alternating bands of light and dark minerals
c) A rock composed of pebbles and small pieces of rocks cemented together

Where does weathering occur in the rock cycle?
a) melting
b) erosion
c) tectonic burial

The lithosphere, a hot convecting mantle, and a dense, metallic core compose _____________.
a) A volcano
b) layers of the Sun
c) layers of Earth
d) plate tectonics

The layer of the Earth on which we live is called the __________.
a) crust
b) mantle
c) exterior
d) outer core

Earth is divided into six structural layers. These layers in order are crust, lithosphere, __________________, mantle, outer core, inner core.
a) asthenosphere
b) stratosphere
c) atmosphere
d) hemisphere

Which choice correctly lists and describes the layers of Earth?
a) lithosphere, dense magma, solid outer core and liquid inner core
b) lithosphere, solid rock mantle, large outer core and small inner core
c) lithosphere, hot mantle, liquid outer core and solid inner core
d) lithosphere, hot magma, organic outer core and an inorganic inner core

The earth's crust is made up of tectonic plates. When two of these plates move past each other without converging or diverging, what is most likely to occur?
a) A volcanic eruption
b) mountain formation
c) a rift valley formation
d) an earthquake

What catastrophic event does not impact weather conditions?
a) volcanoes
b) tornadoes
c) earthquakes
d) hurricanes

What type rock is formed from magma?
a) metamorphic
b) sedimentary
c) weathered
d) igneous

Which of these is a correct sequence of rock formation?
a) magma- igneous rock- sedimentary rock- metamorphous rock
b) igneous rock- magma- sedimentary rock- metamorphous rock
c) sedimentary rock- igneous rock- magma- metamorphous rock
d) magma- metamorphous rock- igneous- sedimentary rock

What is first step in soil formation?
a) mixing small rock particles with organic matter
b) dead plants and animals decaying
c) weathering of rocks and minerals
d) plants taking root and growing

Which type of rock forms when heat and pressure are applied?
a) sedimentary rock
b) igneous rock
c) sediment
d) metamorphic rock

During which process in the rock cycle does magma form?
a) weathering
b) melting
c) cooling
d) erosion

What type of rock forms thick layers due to erosion, deposition. and compaction during the rock cycle?
a) magma
b) metamorphic rock
c) igneous rock
d) sedimentary rock

Which of the following forms when rocks are exposed to weathering, erosion, and lithification?
a) metamorphic rock
b) igneous rock
c) sedimentary rock
d) foliated rock

Which of the following is not one of the means by which rocks can change form in the rock cycle?
a) crystallization and cooling
b) heat and pressure
c) burning and layering
d) weathering and erosion

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