Photosynthesis And Cellular Respiration: Question Preview (ID: 17402)

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The energy acquired in the light-dependent reactions is used in the light-independent reactions to build glucose molecules. How is this energy transferred from light-dependent to light-independent reactions?
a) in the bonds of ATP and NADH molecules
b) in the bonds of 5-carbon ribulose molecules
c) in the bonds of 3-carbon phosphoglycerate molecules
d) in the bonds of carbon dioxide molecules

What results from the removal of a phosphate group from ATP?
a) the production of mechanical energy
b) the release of energy
c) the creation of energy
d) the absorption of chlorophyll

Which of the following is a substrate (reactant) used in cellular respiration?
a) carbon dioxide
b) rubisco
c) the product of photosynthesis
d) ion channels

What is the main purpose of the Calvin Cycle?
a) sugar production (glucose)
b) destruction of carbon dioxide
c) production of ADP
d) production of NADP+

The name of the process that takes place when organic compounds are broken down in the absence of oxygen is
a) respiration.
b) oxidation.
c) fermentation.
d) All of these.

A substance, produced during photosynthesis, that is used for completion of cellular respiration is
a) water.
b) ATP.
c) oxygen.

The sun is considered the ultimate source of energy for life on Earth because
a) all organisms carry out photosynthesis.
b) all organisms carry out cellular respiration.
c) either photosynthetic organisms or organisms that have eaten them provide energy for all other organisms on Earth.
d) the sun heats the Earth's atmosphere.

The major atmospheric (gas) product of photosynthesis is
a) oxygen.
b) water.
c) nitrogen.
d) carbon dioxide.

The process whereby plants capture energy and make sugar in the form of glucose is known as
a) homeostasis.
b) evolution.
c) photosynthesis.
d) development.

The energy acquired in photosynthesis is used to make glucose. Where is the glucose made in plants?
a) in the thylakoid
b) in the thylakoid membrane
c) in the stroma
d) outside the chloroplast

If carbon dioxide is completely removed from a plant's environment, what would you expect to happen to the plant's production of high-energy sugars?
a) More sugars will be produced.
b) No sugars will be produced.
c) The same number of sugars will be produced but without carbon dioxide.
d) Fewer sugars will be produced at first, but then the plant will recover.

Cellular respiration is called an aerobic process because it requires
a) light.
b) exercise.
c) oxygen.
d) glucose.

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