6th-8th Science Chapter 1 Test: Cells: Question Preview (ID: 17336)

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_________ was the first scientist to use the term cell.
a) Matthias Schleiden
b) Rudolph Virchow
c) Anton van Leeuwenhoek
d) Robert Hooke

An organism is a(n) ________ if it can manufacture its own food.
a) eukaryote
b) autotroph
c) prokaryote
d) protein

An organism whose cells contain nuclei is called a ______.
a) prokaryote
b) nucleus
c) eukaryote
d) protein

A belief in _____ was disproved when Francesco Redi performed experiments to show that flies do not arise from meat.
a) autotrophs
b) death
c) spontaneous generation
d) cells

The major gases present in the atmosphere today are ________ and oxygen.
a) carbon
b) helium
c) methane
d) nitrogen

________ are the basic unit of structure and function in living things.
a) Animals
b) Cells
c) Plants
d) Bacteria

Energy, __________, living space, and stable internal conditions are basic needs of living things.
a) isolation
b) sunlight
c) darkness
d) water

Which of the following is not made of cells?
a) dog
b) mushroom
c) sand
d) leaf

An organism's ability to maintain stable internal conditions is called
a) homeostasis
b) resolution
c) development
d) reproduction

Which scientist discovered that all plants are made of cells?
a) Robert Hooke
b) Matthias Schleiden
c) Rudolph Virchow
d) Anton van Leeuwenhoek

The region between the cell membrane and the nucleus is called the
a) cell wall
b) chlorophyll
c) cell membrane
d) cytoplasm

The grain-line organelles on which proteins are made are called
a) Gogli bodies
b) ribosomes
c) mitochondria
d) endoplasmic reticula

A change in an organism's environment that causes a reaction is called a(n)
a) response
b) classification
c) stimulus
d) variable

The first scientist to see animalcules, or tine living things, was
a) Anton van Leeuwenhoek
b) Rudolph Virchow
c) Robert Hooke
d) Matthias Schleiden

A strucutre that is found in plant cells but not in animals cells is a
a) cell membrane
b) cell wall
c) nucleus
d) nuclear membrane

Which organelles are more numerous in more active cells than in less active cells?
a) mitochondria
b) ribosomes
c) Gogli bodies
d) endoplasmic reticula

The dense portion of some cells containing nucleic acids is called the
a) prokaryote
b) protein
c) nucleus
d) eukaryote

Chloroplasts are found only in the cell of ______ and some other organisms.
a) plants
b) animals
c) bacteria
d) fossils

The ability to clearly distinguish the individual parts of an object is called __________.
a) clarity
b) resolution
c) zoom
d) magnification

__________ are traces of ancient organism preserved in rocks.
a) Rocks
b) Minerals
c) Fossils
d) Clay

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