Chapter 7 Cell Stucture And Function: Question Preview (ID: 17051)

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Who used a compound microscope to see chambers within cork and named them “cells”?
a) Anton van Leeuwenhoek
b) Robert Hooke
c) Matthias Schleiden
d) Rudolf Virchow

Electron microscopes can reveal details
a) only in specimens that are still alive.
b) about the different colors of cell structures.
c) of cell structures only once they are stained.
d) 1000 times smaller than those visible in light microscopes.

Which organelle breaks down organelles that are no longer useful?
a) Golgi apparatus
b) lysosome
c) endoplasmic reticulum
d) mitochondrion

Which organelle stores material such as water, salts, proteins, and carbohydrates?
a) DNA
b) ribosomes
c) nucleus
d) vacuole

Which organelle converts the chemical energy stored in food into useable energy?
a) chloroplast
b) Golgi apparatus
c) endoplasmic reticulum
d) mitochondrion

Which of the following is a function of the cell membrane?
a) keeps the cell wall in place
b) stores water, salt, proteins, and carbohydrates
c) regulates the movement of materials into and out of the cell
d) breaks down lipids, carbohydrates, and proteins from foods

An animal cell that is surrounded by fresh water will burst because the osmotic pressure causes
a) water to move into the cell.
b) water to move out of the cell.
c) solutes to move into the cell.
d) solutes to move out of the cell.

Which means of particle transport requires input of energy from the cell?
a) diffusion
b) active transport
c) facilitated diffusion
d) osmosis

The cells of unicellular organisms are
a) specialized to perform different tasks.
b) larger than those of multicellular organisms
c) able to carry out all of the functions necessary for life.
d) unable to respond to changes in their environment.

Which list represents the levels of organization in a multicellular organism from the simplest level to the most complex level?
a) cell, tissue, organ system, organ
b) organ system, organ, tissue, cell
c) tissue, organ, organ system, cell
d) cell, tissue, organ, organ system

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