World History Ch 9 Industrial Revolution Set 1: Question Preview (ID: 16891)

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What did William Wilberforce fight for in the 1800s?
a) to establish public schools.
b) to limit the length of the workday.
c) to abolish child labor in factories.
d) to abolish slavery and the slave trade.

Utilitarianism held that government policies should promote
a) wars and epidemics to kill off excess people.
b) public ownership of the means of production.
c) the complete independence of each individual.
d) the greatest good for the greatest number of people.

What did Britain do in order to keep industrial secrets from the United States?
a) blockaded the United States from engaging in international trade
b) sent messengers with misleading information to the United States
c) forbade engineers, mechanics, and toolmakers from leaving the country
d) charged impossible fees for the secrets to industrialization

Nineteenth-century socialists argued that government should
a) leave the economy alone.
b) actively plan the economy.
c) destroy the economy.
d) allow the economy to be controlled by the bourgeoise.

In the 19th century, collective bargaining was carried out between
a) government and unions.
b) employers and employees.
c) communists and capitalists.
d) political and financial leaders.

In what way did the Agricultural Revolution pave the way for the Industrial Revolution?
a) It led to population growth.
b) It increased food supplies.
c) It caused farmers to lose land and seek other work.
d) All of these are true.

In what way did the new middle class change British society?
a) The power structure in London shifted from the city to the country.
b) The middle class became the new ruling class in society.
c) Aristocrats and wealthy landowners looked down on the middle class.
d) Some members of the middle class achieved top positions in society.

How might small farmers of the agricultural revolution be compared to the working class of the Industrial Revolution?
a) Both endured long working hours.
b) Both suffered job losses due to progress.
c) Both lived in climates of social restructuring.
d) All of these are true.

In the 1700s, the process of enclosure tended to increase
a) farming efficiency.
b) farmers' reliance on a single cash crop.
c) the use of the broadcast method of seeding.
d) the amount of common land available for grazing.

How did the War of 1812 help pave the way for the United States to industrialize?
a) Materials left over from the war influenced new American inventions.
b) British prisoners from the war greatly increased the U.S. workforce.
c) Under the Treaty of Ghent, Britain assisted in U.S. industry.
d) The British blockade forced it to develop its own industries.

How did the philosophy of laissez-faire economics influence early industrialists?
a) with ideas of a free-market economy governed by natural laws, not government regulations
b) with ideas of an economy supported by tariffs on foreign goods
c) with ideas that the elite had a responsibility to give to charities
d) all of these

How did the Industrial Revolution affect cities?
a) It created technology to clean them.
b) It made them lose valuable sources of food.
c) It made the population grow faster than the housing supply.
d) It made the crime rate drop.

How did the Napoleonic wars and French Revolution impact the industrialization of Continental Europe?
a) Trade was halted in many parts of Europe.
b) Communications between countries were interrupted.
c) Inflation was on the rise in some areas of Europe, disrupting the economy.
d) All of these are true.

How did the impact of worldwide industrialization effect the relationships between industrialized nations and non-industrialized nations?
a) It was the driving force behind imperialism.
b) It weakened economic ties between nations.
c) Industrialized nations exploited their overseas colonies for slaves.
d) All of these.

How did landowners and aristocrats view wealthy members of the middle class?
a) regarded highly
b) looked down upon
c) as equals
d) as outcasts

How did the crop rotation system that developed in Britain during the agricultural revolution increase crop yields?
a) by allowing more land to rest
b) by decreasing the amount of land used to grow nutrient-depleting crops
c) by ensuring that more of the seeds that were planted actually sprouted
d) by increasing nutrients in the soil

An entrepreneur is a type of
a) scientist.
b) inventor.
c) business person.
d) personal secretary.

By the late 1700s, the best place to find a water frame and a spinning mule was in
a) a barn.
b) a factory.
c) a farmhouse.
d) an urban home.

How did Britain's economy affect the process of industrialization?
a) positively, by Britain's highly developed banking system, availability of loans, and climate of progress
b) positively, by Britain allowing women and children to work long hours and grow wealthy
c) negatively, by Britain's decision to forbid engineers, mechanics, and toolmakers to leave the country
d) negatively, by Britain's overseas expansion, which took jobs away from the British citizens

All of the following were results of the agricultural revolution in Britain EXCEPT that
a) food prices decreased.
b) population increased.
c) the number of farmers increased.
d) the average size of farms increased.

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