DNA Mutations: Question Preview (ID: 9301)


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If DNA segments changes from GGTTAG to GGATAG this is a
a) nucleotide base substitution b) silent mutation c) nucleotide base insertion d) nucleotide base deletion
Which mutations would likely cause the greatest impact?
a) deletion or insertion b) missense or nonsense c) insertion or substitution d) deletion or substitution
A change in a gene due to damage or being copied incorrectly is called
a) evolution b) mutation c) segregation d) meiosis
The original strand of DNA looks like this ACGTCTCGA, the mutated strand looks like this ACGTTCGA. What type of mutation is this?
a) nucleotide base sustitution b) nonsense mutation c) nucleotide base insertion d) nucleotide base deletion
The original strand of DNA looks like this ACGTCTCGA, the mutated strand looks like this ACGTCTACGA. What type of mutation is this?
a) nucleotide base sustitution b) nonsense mutation c) nucleotide base insertion d) nucleotide base deletion
Examples of ___ include X-rays, UV, and cigarette smoke.
a) ribosomes b) mutagens c) mutagenesis d) mutations
If a mutation occurs in the DNA of ___ cells, it can be passed from one generation to the next.
a) sex b) brain c) liver d) heart
If a change occurs in a base sequence of a DNA, it might cause a different ___ to be substituted in a protein.
a) amino acid b) ribosome c) enzyme d) nucleic acid
Sickle cell anemia is a disease that affects red blood cells. This is the result of a mutation called a ___.
a) nucleotide base deletion b) nonsense mutation c) nucleotide base insertion d) nucleotide base substitution
Ultraviolet (UV) radiation is damaging because it
a) prevents DNA translation. b) causes mutations in the DNA. c) causes protein synthesis. d) prevents DNA transcription.
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