Prokaryotes: Question Preview (ID: 32373)


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How does a molecule of ATP give us energy?
a) The bond between the 2nd and 3rd phosphate is broken. This releases energy b) The bond between the 1st and 2nd phosphate is broken. This releases energy c) ATP synthase converts ATP to energy d) The mitochondria breaks the ATP. This releases energy
How many ATP are made at the end of glycolysis?
a) 1 b) 4 c) 3 d) 2
Which process of cell respiration makes the most ATP?
a) Pyruvate Oxidation b) Glycolysis c) Krebs d) Electron Transport Chain
What are the 2 electron carrier used in cellular respiration?
a) NAD and FAD2 b) NODH and FODH2 c) NADH and FADH2 d)
What are the 3 main parts of cellular respiration?
a) Glycolysis, Krebs, and Electron Transport Chain b) Aerobic, Krebs, and Electron Transport Chain c) Phosphate, Krebs, and Electron Transport Chain d) Glycolysis, ATP, and Electron Transport Chain
When our muscle cells do not get enough oxygen what type of fermentation do we use to make ATP?
a) Aerobic fermentation b) Alcohol fermentation c) Lactic acid fermentation d) Anaerobic fermentation
What are the 2 types of fermentation used in anaerobic respiration?
a) lactic acid and alcohol fermentation b) lactic acid and aerobic fermentation c) aerobic fermentation and alcohol fermentation d)
Which process completely breaks down a glucose molecule?
a) b) Anaerobic respiration c) Aerobic respiration d)
Which process produces more ATP?
a) b) c) Anaerobic respiration d) Aerobic respiration
How much ATP is made in aerobic and anaerobic respiration
a) aerobic makes 20 and anaerobic makes 4 b) aerobic makes 30 and anaerobic makes 4 c) aerobic makes 38 or 36 and anaerobic makes 4 d) aerobic makes 38 or 36 and anaerobic makes 10
What are facultative anaerobes
a) Oxygen theives b) organisms that can survive with or without oxygen c) organisms that require oxygen for cell respiration d) organisms that do not require oxygen for cell respiration
What are obligate anaerobes?
a) organisms that do not require oxygen for cell respiration b) organisms that can survive with or without oxygen c) organisms that require oxygen for cell respiration d) Oxygen theives
What are obligate aerobes?
a) organisms that do not require oxygen for cell respiration b) organisms that can survive with or without oxygen c) d) organisms that require oxygen for cell respiration
Why was the formation of oxygen an important step for life on Earth
a) Oxygen allows organisms to use anaerobic respiration and get more energy. Most complex living things us aerobic respiration b) Before Oxygen their was no livings c) Oxygen allows organisms to use aerobic respiration and get more energy. Most complex living things us aerobic respiration d) Because I love oxygen!
What is the name of the bacteria that provided oxygen to the early Earth?
a) prokaryotes b) cyanobacteria c) eukaryotes d) anaerobic
What is a chemoautotroph
a) Organism that gets its energy from chemicals and its carbon from carbon dioxide b) Organism that gets its energy from light and its carbon from carbon dioxide c) Organism that gets its energy from light and its carbon from organic compounds d) Organism that gets its energy from chemicals and its carbon from organic compounds
What is the difference between sexual and asexual reproduction?
a) Aexual reproduction trades or mixes DNA and sexual does not b) c) Sexual reproduction trades or mixes DNA and asexual does not d)
When a prokaryote reproduces sexually what is it called?
a) binary fission b) budding c) conjugation d) fragmentation
What are the two types of prokaryotes
a) bacteria and archaea b) bacteria and protists c) archaea and protists d) archaea and algae
Which type of prokaryote was most likely found on early Earth and why.
a) bacteria because they could have survived in the early harsh environment on early Earth b) archaea because they could have survived in the early harsh environment on early Earth c) protists because they could have survived in the early harsh environment on early Earth d) algae because they could have survived in the early harsh environment on early Earth
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