Sedimentary Rocks: Question Preview (ID: 32354)

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What type of sedimentary rock is formed from fossils?
a) Organic Sedimentary rock b) Chemical Sedimentary rock c) Clastic Sedimentary rock d) Igneous Sedimentary rock
Type of sedimentary rock which can be cemented/ glued together by calcite or quartz
a) Clastic Sedimentary Rock b) Organic Sedimentary rock c) Chemical Sedimentary rock d) Igneous Sedimentary rock
The process in which sediment is dropped and comes to rest is called
a) Deposition b) Erosion c) Weathering d) Compaction
The process by which rock sediments are moved/transported away by water, wind, or ice.
a) Erosion b) Weathering c) Cementation d) Deposition
What are the layers in sedimentary rocks called?
a) Strata b) Stratification c) Weathering d) Erosion
The process of reducing pore space by depositing younger sediments on top of older material is referred to as
a) Compaction b) Cementation c) Weathering d) Erosion
In general the greater the distance sediment is transported the more ______ _________ and _________ sediment becomes.
a) well sorted, rounded b) well sorted, jaggered c) unsorted, rounded d) unsorted , jaggered
Where do sediments come from?
a) rock weathering produces sediment b) sediment is transported and deposited all over the Earth c) sediments accumulated as dust fell to Earth from outer space d) there have always been sediments on Earth
Sedimentary rocks provide clues about:
a) Earth surface conditions at the time the sediment was depsoited b) temperate climates c) temperate climates d) polar climates
Where do sedimentary rocks usually form?
a) Most sedimentary rocks form in bodies of water b) Most sedimentary rocks form in the earth c) Most sedimentary rocks form in outerspace d) Most sedimentary rocks form in volcanoes
Conglomerate, an Sandstone are examples of what type of sedimentary rocks?
a) Clastic rocks b) Chemical c) Organic d) Igneous
Rocks that contains fossils are
a) Sedimentary b) Igneous c) Metamorphic d) Extrusive
What weathering products are most easily transported by water? (Think Lab)
a) Dissolved ions (salt) b) Clays in suspension. c) Pebbles. d) Sand grains
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