Part 3: RNA And Protein Synthesis Review: Question Preview (ID: 31548)


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15. What happens during the transcription stage of protein synthesis? Where does it occur?
a) an RNA molecule is made from the DNA; occurs in the nucleus b) an RNA molecule is made from the DNA; occurs in the ribosome c) RNA is used to create proteins; occurs in the ribosome d) RNA is used to create proteins; occurs in the nucleus
15. What happens during the translation stage of protein synthesis? Where does it occur?
a) an RNA molecule is made from the DNA; occurs in the nucleus b) an RNA molecule is made from the DNA; occurs in the ribosome c) RNA is used to create proteins; occurs in the ribosome d) RNA is used to create proteins; occurs in the nucleus
Which of the following are two difference between DNA and RNA?
a) DNA has a deoxyribose sugar while RNA has a ribose sugar; DNA has uracil while RNA has thymine b) DNA has a ribose sugar while RNA has a deoxyribose sugar; DNA has thymine while RNA has uracil c) DNA has a deoxyribose sugar while RNA has a ribose sugar; DNA has thymine while RNA has uracil d) DNA has a ribose sugar while RNA has a deoxyribose sugar; DNA has uracil while RNA has thymine
13. What type of RNA is responsible for delivering an amino acid to the polypeptide chain during translation?
a) tRNA b) mRNA c) rRNA d) pRNA
13. What type of RNA makes up the ribosome?
a) tRNA b) mRNA c) rRNA d) pRNA
13. What type of RNA delivers the instructions for creating proteins from the nucleus to the ribosome?
a) tRNA b) mRNA c) rRNA d) pRNA
12. Use your diagram to answer the question, what is labeled C?
a) phosphate group b) nitrogen base c) deoxyribose sugar d) ribose sugar
11. Just like DNA, RNA is a nucleic acid so it is made up of
a) amino acids b) nucleotides c) carbohydrates d) proteins
12. Use your diagram to answer the question, what is labeled A?
a) phosphate group b) nitrogen base c) deoxyribose sugar d) ribose sugar
12. Use your diagram to answer the question, what is labeled B?
a) phosphate group b) nitrogen base- guananine, uracil, cytosine, adenine c) nitrogen base- guananine, thymine, cytosine, adenine d) ribose sugar
17. What are the monomers of proteins?
a) nucleic acids b) amino acids c) monosaccharides d) nucleotides
18. DNA contains the instructions to build proteins. A segment of DNA that codes for proteins is known as a _________?
a) gene b) telomere c) tridon d) chromosome
19. How many nucleotides are needed to code for 1 amino acid?
a) six (hexadon) b) three (codon) c) two (haploid) d) four (codon)
20. Transcribe the DNA into RNA: T A C T C G A T G A A G A C T
a) T C A G A A G T A G C T C A T b) A T G A G C T A C T T C T G T c) A U G A G C U A C U U C U G A d) A G U C U U C A U C G A G A U
20. Translate the RNA from question number 20 to figure our the amino acids created from the sequence:
a) Met- Ser-Tyr- Phe-S b) S-Pher-Tyr-Ser-Met c) Met- Arg-Tyr-Phe-S d) Met-Pher-Tyr-Leu-S
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