American Government Final Review Set 2: Question Preview (ID: 31249)


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According to the Declaration of Independence, what is the only legitimate basis for a government’s powers?
a) divine right b) tradition c) consent of the governed d) military strength
Under the Articles of Confederation, the United States was
a) essentially an alliance of independent States. b) very similar in structure to what it is today. c) a tightly unified country under a strong central government. d) essentially two separate countries made up of six or seven colonies each.
Benjamin Franklin felt that the Constitution
a) was a perfect system of government. b) was the best constitution that could be made under the circumstances. c) had so many faults it would prove unworkable. d) would need to be substantially revised in a few years.
What did the Federalists agree to in order to gain support for the new Constitution?
a) allowing the states to control foreign trade b) putting the capital in Richmond, Virginia c) making John Adams the first President d) adding amendments to protect basic rights
What caused many people to believe that the Articles of Confederation must be revised?
a) economic problems b) the threat of war c) the need for more delegates to Congress d) the lack of an immigration policy
What was the main reason that Federalists supported ratification of the Constitution?
a) the desire for personal power b) the need for a stronger central government c) the need to give more power to the people and the states d) their confidence that they had created a perfect document
What was true about the national government under the Articles of Confederation?
a) Some states did not have delegates to Congress. b) Congress did not have the power to tax the states. c) The government had a strong system of justice. d) The government had a strong President as a national leader.
Which basic principle of government means that individuals have basic rights that government cannot take away?
a) ordered government b) limited government c) imperial government d) representative government
What was an important argument against the proposed Constitution?
a) It did not guarantee basic rights. b) It gave too much power to the states. c) It had a bicameral legislature. d) It would not allow the states to print money.
Which of the following statements is true of the Federalists?
a) They feared the presidency would become too powerful. b) They ignored the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation. c) They believed in a system of checks and balances. d) They feared that Congress would become too powerful.
Which leader is known as “The Father of the Constitution”?
a) James Madison b) Thomas Jefferson c) John Adams d) George Washington
On which point did the Virginia and New Jersey plans disagree?
a) whether or not delegates should take an oath of loyalty b) how the states should be represented in Congress c) whether or not George Washington should be President d) whether or not Congress should have the power to make treaties
How were the states represented in Congress under the Articles of Confederation?
a) based on population b) based on property ownership c) one delegate per state d) one delegate per region
What power(s) did the national government have under the Articles of Confederation?
a) It could pass amendments with a majority vote. b) It could regulate trade between states and between states and foreign nations. c) It could make war and agree to treaties with other nations. d) A strong executive could enforce acts of Congress.
Many early state constitutions gave the most power to which branch of government?
a) legislative b) executive c) judicial d) federal
Delegates met in Philadelphia in 1787 to revise the Articles of Confederation. What did this meeting become?
a) first national government b) United States Congress c) Constitutional Convention d) Confederation Congress
What is true about the First Continental Congress?
a) It sent a Declaration of Rights to King George. b) It sent the Declaration of Independence to King George. c) It governed the colonies during the Revolutionary War. d) It wrote the Constitution.
Why did Britain interfere with colonial government in the mid-1700s?
a) to get more land b) to do away with civil rights c) to get colonists to drink tea d) to raise money to pay its debts
How did English documents such as the English Bill of Rights influence American settlers?
a) he settlers avoided the mistakes made in those documents. b) The governments the settlers set up in the U.S. included the same rights as the English documents. c) The documents caused anger among the settlers. d) The documents almost prevented the Revolution.
What was the importance of the Magna Carta?
a) It said the king could suspend the laws in the colonies. b) It limited the power of the English king by placing him under the law. c) It ensured that Parliament would approve all taxes passed from that point on. d) It upheld the idea of the divine right of kings.
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