Earth Structure A: Question Preview (ID: 30523)


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What type of plate boundary is pulling apart?
a) convergent b) transform c) divergent d) strike-slip
The super-continent in which all continents were joined together early on in Earth's history
a) tectonic plates b) pangea c) convergent d) subduction
Which of the following is the Earth's outermost layer
a) crust b) mantle c) inner core d) outer core
What is a sudden release of energy in the ground called that sends out seismic waves?
a) earthquake b) fault c) epicenter d) focus
The point of an earthquake where energy is released
a) epicenter b) focus c) fault d) seismic waves
Longitudinal waves that move out from an earthquakes epicenter in a back and forth motion and are first to arrive
a) Primary waves b) Secondary waves c) Surface waves d) All seismic waves
Rock formed on the Earth's surface from lava that cools rapidly
a) Intrusive igneous b) Extrusive igneous c) Metamorphic d) Sedimentary
Measuring the time between the arrival of the P and S waves helps scientists determine what?
a) Time to the epicenter b) Distance to the epicenter c) Magnitude of the Earthquake d) Location of the epicenter
Which of the following seismic waves can only move through solid rock?
a) Primary waves b) Secondary waves c) Surface waves d) Longitudinal waves
Which of the following seismic waves travels the fastest?
a) Primary waves b) Secondary waves c) Surface waves d) Transverse waves
Which of the following seismic waves travel through solid and liquid layers of Earth?
a) Primary waves b) Secondary waves c) Surface waves d) Transverse waves
Which of the layers of Earth is the highest temperature?
a) Crust b) Mantle c) Inner core d) Outer core
The crust and the top of the mantle is called________?
a) Oceanic crust b) Continental crust c) Asthenosphere d) Lithosphere
The top portion of this layer of Earth includes the asthenosphere.
a) Crust b) Mantle c) Inner core d) Outer core
Inner layer, most dense, made up of mostly solid iron and nickle
a) Crust b) Mantle c) Inner core d) Outer core
Middle layer, thickest layer, made up of hot softened rock.
a) Crust b) Mantle c) Inner Core d) Outer core
Least dense, outermost layer of Earth, made up of solid rock
a) Crust b) Mantle c) Inner Core d) Outer core
What is the liquid center layer of earth made of iron and nickel?
a) crust b) Mantle c) Inner core d) Outer core
What is the ongoing process that form and change rock from one type to another
a) plate tectonics b) subduction c) rock cycle d) metamorphic rock
What is the force that pulls rock apart
a) compression b) tension c) shearing d) strike-slip
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