Unit Test Earth's Structures: Question Preview (ID: 30170)


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Which best summarizes the composition of Earth's surface?
a) Three-fourths of the surface of the Earth is covered by land. b) One fourth of the surface of the Earth is covered by water. c) Earth’s surface contains more land than water. d) Earth’s surface contains more water than land.
Which structure can form as a result of a divergent plate boundary?
a) A continental volcanic arc, due to the collision of two plates. b) A continental mountain, due to the collision of two plates. c) A mid-ocean ridge, due to the separation of two plates. d) An ocean trench due to the separation of two plates.
What is the basic composition of Earth’s core?
a) The solid inner core is surrounded by a liquid outer core. b) The liquid outer core is surrounded by a solid inner core. c) Both the inner core and the outer core are solid. d) Both the inner core and the outer core are liquid.
Which best explains the movement of tectonic plates?
a) They move several miles each year because of convection within Earth b) They move several centimeters each year because of convection within Earth. c) They move several feet each year because of convection within Earth. d) They move several kilometers each year because of convection within Earth.
Which best explains the relationship between parent rock and soil composition?
a) Weathered parent rock determines the number of organisms found in the soil. b) Weathered parent rock determines the amount of air found in the soil. c) Weathered parent rock is the largest component of soil. d) Weather parent rock is the smallest component of soil.
Where are earthquakes and volcanoes most often located?
a) Center of crustal plates. b) Edges of crustal plates. c) Center of continents. d) Edge of continents.
A scientist studied the soil at a certain location. She determined that most of the soil was made up of particles between 10 micrometers and 18 micrometers. What type or types of particles make up the soil at this location?
a) fine sand only b) fine sand and silt c) coarse sand only d) coarse sand and clay only
How does sandy soil form?
a) By the accumulation of dead and decayed organic matter. b) By the disintegration and weathering of rocks such as limestone, granite, quartz and shale. c) By sedimentary deposits after rock is weathered, eroded and transported. d) By the suspension of sediment in the water column of a body of water.
a man is using one type of stone to break another. As the stones are broken apart, very tiny pieces are completely pulverized and are swept into the area around the large stone. What can be said about the soil near the large stone?
a) It is different than the stone because the wind blows the pulverized rock far away. b) It has a chemical composition similar to the stone because of the pulverized rock settling there. c) Not much will grow there because the stone contaminates the soil. d) Many animals are attracted to the smell of the minerals and try to create homes in the soil.
Which best summarizes the composition of Earth’s core?
a) It contains a solid outer region surrounding a liquid iron core. b) It contains a liquid outer region surrounding a solid iron core. c) It contains a semi-liquid rock outer region surrounding a liquid core. d) It contains a basalt semi-liquid outer region surrounding a solid core.
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