Cell Structure And Function Review: Question Preview (ID: 29532)


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The basic units of structure and function for both plants and animals are
a) cells. b) organs c) systems. d) tissues.
A girl shined a light. She observed that the euglena swam up toward the light but the amoeba did not.  She knew the amoeba was alive because it slowly changed shape while she watched.  What inference should the student draw from her observation.
a) An amoeba can only move side to side b) An amoeba is unable to respond to light c) An amoeba moves too slowly to observe d) An amoeba only moves when it is hungry
The smallest unit of structure and function that maintains all the charateristics of life:
a) Nucleus b) Tissue c) Cells d) Organism
A paramecium is an example of
a) multiple organisms b) a single­celled organism c) an inorganic substance d) a group of cells
Which characteristic can an amoeba change that a paramecium cannot change?
a) Position b) Color c) Sex d) Shape
A euglena cell has a structure called an eyespot that detects light.  A paramecium does not have an eyespot, and so it cannot detect light.  Why doesn't a paramecium need an eyespot?
a) A paramecium does not photosynthesize its own food b) A paramecium does not live where there is light c) A paramecium lives in shallower water than a euglena d) A paramecium uses cilia instead of a flagellum to move
A euglena has a flagellum and a paramecium has cilia.  Both types of organelles help these organisms move through the water.  However, a paramecium can also use its cilia to perform another task.  What is this task?
a) Defend the cell b) attach to a surface c) Obtain food d) Perform conjugation
Which one of these is not a characteristic of an animal?
a) is multicellular with cells that have cell walls b) obtains energy by consuming other organisms c) takes in oxygen and releases carbon dioxide d) is able to grow new cells to replace damaged cells
Which function makes a plant cell different from an animal cell?
a) ability to use energy b) ability to absorb nutrients c) ability to divide into two cells d) ability to convert sunlight into energy
The cells of a plant help the plant maintain its life functions. What part of a plant cell has the function of producing sugar in the presence of sunlight?
a) cytoplasm b) mitochondria c) nucleus d) Chloroplast
Which of the following is the site for protein synthesis?
a) Cell membrane b) Nucleus c) Ribosomes d) Lysosomes
Which of the following is not part of the cell theory?
a) All living things are made of cells b) All cells contain the same organelles c) Cells come from existing cells d) Cells are the basic structure of living things.
Sac-like structure that contains digestive enzymes. it may digest waste materials or even dead cells.
a) Lysosome b) ER c) Vacuole d) Vesicle
Who discovered cells and named them?
a) Anton van leewenhoek b) Robert Hooke c) Lynn margulis d) Rudolph
Which of the following is the powerhouse of the cell that breaks down food into energy that the cell needs?
a) Mitochondria b) Vacuole c) Endoplasmic reticulum d) Chloroplast
The main function of the cell wall is to
a) Store DNA b) Help the cell move c) Support and protect the cell d) Direct the activities of the cell
Prokaryotes lack
a) DNA or genetic material b) A cell membrane c) Cytoplasm d) A nucleus
Which organelle would not be found in animals cells?
a) Smooth ER b) Chloroplast c) Mitochondria d) Ribosome
Which organelle is the packing center for the cell?
a) Endoplasmic reticulum b) Nucleus c) Lysosome d) Golgi Body
The control center or brain of the cell is the
a) Nucleus b) Mitochondria c) Cell Membrane d) Endoplasmic Reticulum
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