Prokaryotic And Eukaryotic Cells: Question Preview (ID: 28031)


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What is the basic unit of structure and function of all living organisms?
a) mitochondrion b) DNA c) nucleus d) cell
Which cell structure serves the stated function in both eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells?
a) nucleus: stores genetic material b) cytoplasm: protects cell structures c) ribosomes: regulate cell processes d) DNA: surrounds cell contents
A chemical has been found to harm the same components in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Which components are those?
a) DNA, cell membrane, ribosomes, and membrane-bound organelles b) DNA, cytoplasm, ribosomes, and nucleus c) DNA, cell membrane, cytoplasm, and membrane-bound organelles d) DNA, cell membrane, cytoplasm, and ribosomes
A scientist is studying a cell and can clearly see that it has ribosomes and mitochondria. Which statement best describes how the cell could be classified?
a) The cell is prokaryotic because it contains ribosomes. b) The cell is eukaryotic because it contains mitochondria. c) The cell is prokaryotic because it contains mitochondria. d) The cell is eukaryotic because it contains ribosomes.
Which organisms are prokaryotes?
a) archaea b) fungi c) protists d) plants
Which statement is most likely to apply to a cell that has DNA within its cytoplasm?
a) It lacks ribosomes. b) It performs all functions for the organism. c) It has membrane-bound organelles. d) It is multicellular.
A scientist discovers a cell that has chloroplasts, cytoplasm, DNA, and a cell membrane. Which statement best describes how the cell could be classified?
a) The cell is prokaryotic because it has DNA. b) The cell is prokaryotic because it has cytoplasm. c) The cell is eukaryotic because it has chloroplasts. d) The cell is eukaryotic because it has a cell membrane.
The endosymbiotic theory helps to explain the origin of which structures?
a) ribosomes b) nuclei c) mitochondria d) cell membranes
What observation led researchers to propose that chloroplasts evolved from cyanobacteria?
a) Both produce proteins. b) Both perform photosynthesis. c) Both contain mitochondria. d) Both provide structure to cells.
The endosymbiotic theory provides an explanation for the origin of chloroplasts. Which trait of chloroplasts supports this explanation?
a) Chloroplasts have their own DNA. b) Chloroplasts do not reproduce. c) Chloroplasts rely on proteins that are made by the cell. d) Chloroplasts are larger than prokaryotic cells.
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